The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Tonnoidea: Ranellidae

Cymatium muricinum (Röding, 1798)

Range: 32.3°N to 26°S; 97°W to 48°W
Depth: 0 to 27 m (live 0.3 to 9 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 75  mm


Distorsio muricina Röding, 1798
Gutturnium muricinum (Röding, 1798) 
Tritonium nodulus Link, 1807
Tritonium tuberosum (Lamarck, 1822) 
Simpulum tuberosum (Lamarck, 1822) 
Ranularia tuberosum (Lamarck, 1822) 
Triton tuberosus Lamarck, 1822
Ranella gyrinata Risso, 1826
Triton crispus Reeve, 1844
Triton antillarum d'Orbigny, 1847
Triton pyriformis Conrad, 1849
Litiopa obesa C. B. Adams, 1850
Triton productus Gould, 1852
Murex ranula Mörch, 1852
Triton albocingulatus Deshayes, 1863
Afrocanidea gemma Connolly, 1929


Distorsio muricina Röding, 1798, p. 133, [Martini 1777, pl. 112, fig. 1050-1051]
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: Not stated [Designated Ambon Island, Indonesia (Beu 1998)]
Range: 32.3°N to 26°S; 97°W to 48°W
Depth: 0 to 27 m (live 0.3 to 9 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 75 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: East Florida, Florida Keys, Dry Tortugas; USA: Texas; Mexico: Veracruz, Quintana Roo; Panama; ABC Islands: Curacao; Venezuela: Sucre, Islas Los Roques; Bermuda, Bahamas: Grand Bahama Island, Abaco (Great or Little), Bimini, New Providence, Eleuthera, Little San Salvador, Cat Island, Long Island; Cuba: Pinar del Rio, North Havana Province, North Matanzas, Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Holguin, Santiago de Cuba, Guantanamo; Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands: St. Thomas, St. John, St. Croix, Tortola; Guadeloupe, Barbados, Brazil: Parana
References: Clench & Turner (1957) NSEW; Odé (1982b) D; Beu (1998) T; Macsotay & Campos (2001)
Comments: 27°N in Florida.
Combining Genera:  Gutturnium

Triton albocingulatus Deshayes, 1863, 
References: Henning & Hemmen (1993) s; Beu (1998) T

Triton antillarum d'Orbigny, 1847b, p. 161-162, pl. 23, fig. 20
Type Locality: Martinique, Cuba and Guadeloupe
Range: 20°N to 14.8°N; 96°W to 61°W
Maximum Reported Size: 50 mm
Distribution: Mexico: Veracruz; Cuba; Virgin Islands: St. Thomas; Guadeloupe, Martinique
References: Mörch (1877b) NSEW; Clench & Turner (1957) s; Beu (1998) T

Triton crispus Reeve, 1844b,  pl. 17, fig. 68
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Henning & Hemmen (1993) s; Beu (1998) T

Afrocanidea gemma Connolly, 1929,  [Beu 1998, fig. 25]
References: Beu (1998) s
Comments: Larval shell described as a land snail.

Ranella gyrinata Risso, 1826, p. 203, pl. 8, fig. 115
Type Locality: Europe méridionale [in error (Beu 1998)]
Maximum Reported Size: 34 mm
References: Arnaud (1978) T; Beu (1998) s

Tritonium nodulus Link, 1807b, p. 122, [Martini, 1777, pl. 55 [sic, 112], fig. 1050-1051]
Attributed to: Martini; Mörch (1852)
Type Locality: Not stated [Designated Ambon Island, Indonesia (Beu 1998)]
References: Arango (1880); Henning & Hemmen (1993) s; Beu (1998) T

Litiopa obesa C. B. Adams, 1850d, p. 71, Not figured
Type Locality: Jamaica
Range: 18°N ; 77°W
Maximum Reported Size: 4.7 mm
Distribution: Jamaica
References: C. B. Adams (1850d) NSEWM; Clench & Turner (1957) s

Triton productum Gould, 1852, p. 240
Type Locality: "the Sandwich to the Feejee Islands, and thence to the Moluccas" [Ambon Island, Indonesia, by neotype designation of Beu (1998)]
References: Henning & Hemmen (1993) s; Beu (1998) T

Triton pyriformis Conrad, 1849, 
References: Clench & Turner (1957) s

Murex ranula Mörch, 1852, 
References: Henning & Hemmen (1993) s

Triton tuberosum Lamarck, 1822b, p. 185, [Martini, 1777, pl. 112, figs. 1050-1051]
Type Locality: l'Océan des grandes Indes [Designated Ambon Island, Indonesia (Beu 1998)]
Range: 25°N to 26°S; 80°W to 48°W
Maximum Reported Size: 52 mm
Distribution: ABC Islands: Curacao; Antigua
References: Lamarck (1822b) M; Dautzenberg (1900); Lange de Morretes (1949) NSEW; Clench & Turner (1957) s; Beu (1998) T
Combining Genera:  Ranularia Simpulum Tritonium

Partial List of References

Adams, C. B. 1850. Descriptions of supposed new species of marine shells, which inhabit Jamaica Contributions to Conchology 5 69-75. [Stated date: -- Feb 1850.]
d'Orbigny, A. 1847. Mollusques Histoire Physique, Politique et Naturelle de l'île de Cuba 2 129-224, pls. 22-25?. [Stated date: -- --- 1853; true date: pre May?]
Gould, A. A. 1852. Mollusca & Shells United States Exploring Expedition 12 xv + 510 pp. Gould & Lincoln: Boston.
Lamarck, [J. B.] 1822. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertčbres Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertčbres 7 [iii] + 711 pp. Author: Paris. [Stated date: -- Aug 1822.]
Link, H. F. 1807. Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universitat zu Rostock 3  pp. [i-ii] + 101-165. Rostock. [Stated date: 17 May 1807.]
Reeve, L. 1844. Monograph of the genus Triton Conchologia Iconica 2 pls. 1-20
Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe Méridionale et particuličrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe Méridionale 4 [iii] + vii + 439 pp., 12 pls. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.
Röding, P. F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum  viii + 199 pp. Hamburg. [Stated date: -- Sep 1798.]

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