The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Cavolinioidea: Cavoliniidae

Cavolinia tridentata (Forsskål, 1775)

Range: 43°N to 46°S; 97°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 to 4791 m (live 0 to 30 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 20  mm


Monoculus telemus Linnaeus, 1758
Anomia tridentata Forsskål, 1775
Cavolina natans Abildgaard, 1791
Hyalaea cornea Lamarck, 1801
Hyalaea papilionacea Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1804
Hyalaea australis Péron & Lesueur, 1807
Hyalaea chemnitziana Lesueur, 1813
Hyalaea peronii Lesueur, 1813
Hyalaea teniobranchea Lamarck, 1816
Hyalaea forskahlii Blainville, 1821
Hyalaea rangii Deshayes, 1832
Hyalea affinis (d'Orbigny, 1834) 
Hyalaea affinis d'Orbigny, 1834
Hyalaea truncata Krauss, 1848
Pleuropus longifilis Troschel, 1854
Cleodora trifilis Troschel, 1854
Hyalea complanata Gegenbaur, 1855
Hyalaea cumingii Sowerby II, 1877
Hyalaea nebulosa Sowerby II, 1877
Cavolina occidentalis Dall, 1908
Cavolinia kraussi Tesch, 1913
Cavolinia platea Tesch, 1948
Cavolinia atlantica van der Spoel, 1974
Cavolinia bermudensis van der Spoel, 1974
Cavolinia dakarensis van der Spoel, 1974
Cavolinia danae van der Spoel, 1974
Cavolinia teschi van der Spoel, 1974


Anomia tridentata Forsskål, 1775, p. 124-125, [Forskål 1776, pl. 40, fig. B]
[Basis of the current name]
Attributed to: Niebuhr
Type Locality: Mari mediterraneo
Range: 43°N to 45°S; 97°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 to 4791 m (live 0 to 30 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 20 mm
Distribution: USA: Massachusetts, New Jersey, North Carolina, Florida: East Florida, West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Louisiana, Texas; Mexico: Quintana Roo; Venezuela: Falcon; Bermuda, Jamaica; Virgin Islands: St. Croix; Brazil: Pernambuco; Oceanic
References: Verrill (1882a) {D}; Pelseneer (1888); Bush (1893) Dl; Bé & Gilmer (1977) LNSEW; Princz & González (1982); Odé (1991b) d

Hyalaea affinis d'Orbigny, 1834, p. 91-93, pl. 5, figs. 6-10 [1835] [Valdés & Héros (1998) fig. 6i]
Type Locality: grand Océan austral, 30-34°S, 80-92°W (of Paris)
Range: 30°S to 34°S; 90°W to 78°W
Maximum Reported Size: 12 mm
References: d'Orbigny (1834) NSEWM; van der Spoel (1976) T
Combining Genera:  Hyalea

Cavolinia atlantica van der Spoel, 1974, 
Range: 0°N to 40°S; 58°W to 0°W
Distribution: Brazil: unlocalized; Argentina: unlocalized; Oceanic
References: Sabelli et al. (1990) s; van der Spoel & Dadon (1999) NSEW

Hyalaea australis Péron & Lesueur, 1807, 
Range: 34°S to 46°S; 36°W to 0°W
Distribution: Oceanic
References: van der Spoel (1967) s; van der Spoel & Dadon (1999) NSEW

Cavolinia bermudensis van der Spoel, 1974, 
Distribution: Bermuda
References: Sabelli et al. (1990) s

Hyalaea chemnitziana Lesueur, 1813, 
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Hyalea complanata Gegenbaur, 1855, p. 40, 211, pl. 1, figs. 1-4
Type Locality: Sicilischen Küste, Meer von Messina
Maximum Reported Size: 8 mm
References: Gegenbaur (1855) M; van der Spoel (1967) s

Hyalaea cornea Lamarck, 1801, p. 140, [Forskal pl. 40, fig. b; Chemnitz, 1785, vign. 13, a-g]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Hyalaea cumingii Sowerby II, 1877,  pl. 1, fig. 5a-b
Attributed to: Deshayes MS
Type Locality: Unknown
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Cavolinia dakarensis van der Spoel, 1974, 
References: Sabelli et al. (1990) s

Cavolinia danae van der Spoel, 1974, 
References: Sabelli et al. (1990) s

Hyalaea forskahlii Blainville, 1821, 
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Cavolinia kraussi Tesch, 1913, 

Pleuropus longifilis Troschel, 1854, 
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Cavolina natans Abildgaard, 1791, p. 175, pl. 10
[Objective synonym of valid name]
Type Locality: Middelhavet [Mediterranean]
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Hyalaea nebulosa Sowerby II, 1877, p. Caption to plate 1, fig. 5
[Not available]
Attributed to: Deshayes
Type Locality: Not stated
Comments: Name introduced in synonymy of Hyalaea cumingii.

Cavolina occidentalis Dall, 1908, 
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Hyalaea papilionacea Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1804, 
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Hyalaea peronii Lesueur, 1813, 
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Cavolinia platea Tesch, 1948, 
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Hyalaea rangii Deshayes, 1832,  [Valdés & Héros 1998, fig. 9f]
Maximum Reported Size: 8.3 mm
References: van der Spoel (1967) s; Valdés & Héros (1998) MT

Monoculus telemus Linnaeus, 1758, p. 635, Not figured
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: 'Algiriae'
Distribution: Cuba
Comments: Has priority if the synonymy is correct, but precedence might be reversed if conditions of ICZN Article 23.9 apply.

Hyalaea teniobranchea Lamarck, 1816,  pl. 464, fig. 7
Type Locality: Not stated
References: van der Spoel (1967) s

Cavolinia teschi van der Spoel, 1974, 
References: Sabelli et al. (1990) s

Cleodora trifilis Troschel, 1854, 
[Synonymy uncertain]
References: van der Spoel (1967) s?

Hyalaea truncata Krauss, 1848, 
References: van der Spoel (1967) s
Comments: Non Lesueur, 1821.

Partial List of References

Abildgaard, J. C. 1791. Nyere Efterretning om det Skaldyr fra Middelhavet, som Forskål har beskrevet under Navn af Anomia tridentata Skrifter af Naturhistorie-Selskabet 1(2) 171-175, pl. 10.
d'Orbigny, A. 1834. Mollusques Voyage dans l'Amérique Méridionale 5 1-48, 73-128, pls. 1-2, 9-13, 15-16, 56 P. Bertrand: Paris. [True date: -- --- 1834.]
Forsskål, P. 1775. Descriptiones Animalium  20 + xxxv + 164 pp., 1 map. Mölleri: Hauniae.
Gegenbaur, C. 1855. Untersuchungen über Pteropoden und Heteropoden  viii + 228 pp., 8 pls. Wilhelm Englemann: Leipzig.
Lamarck, J. B. 1801. Systême des Animaux sans Vertèbres  viii + 432 pp. Paris.
Lamarck, [J. B.] 1816. Tableau Encyclopédique et Méthodique des Trois Règnes de la Nature  [iii] + 16 pp., pls. 391-431, 431 bis, 431 bis*, 432-488. Veuve Agasse: Paris.
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae Systema Naturae, 10th ed., vol. 1 824 pp. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae [Stockholm, Sweden].
Sowerby, G. B., II. 1877. Monograph of the genus Pteropoda Conchologia Iconica 20 pls. 1-6

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