The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Naticoidea: Naticidae

Cryptonatica affinis (Gmelin, 1791)

Range: 82°N to 36°N; 130°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 to 2811 m (live 7 to 2811 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 37  mm


Nerita affinis Gmelin, 1791
Natica beverlii Leach, 1819
Natica clausa Broderip & Sowerby, 1829
Lunatia clausa (Broderip & Sowerby, 1829) 
Natica consolidata Couthouy, 1838
Natica septentrionalis Möller, 1842
Natica algida Gould, 1848
Natica elatior Middendorff, 1849
Natica normalis Middendorff, 1849
Natica unicolor Middendorff, 1849
Natica zonata Middendorff, 1849
Natica depressior Middendorff, 1851
Natica minor Philippi, 1852
Natica russa Gould, 1859
Natica tenuis Mörch, 1869
Natica vittata Jeffreys, 1877
Euspira acosmita Dall, 1919
Cryptonatica aleutica Dall, 1919
Cryptonatica salimba Dall, 1919


Nerita affinis Gmelin, 1791, p. 3675, Not figured
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: 'Oceano septentrionali'
Range: 79.67°N to 36°N; 74°W to 0°W
Depth: 9 to 2011 m
Maximum Reported Size: 30 mm
Distribution: Greenland: West Greenland, East Greenland; Canada: Newfoundland, Gulf of St. Lawrence
References: Matthew (1874); Posselt & Jensen (1899) DdNM; Schiötte & Warén (1992) c; Bouchet & Warén (1993) {D}SEW

Euspira acosmita Dall, 1919b, p. 352
Type Locality: USFC sta. 3128, off Monterey Bay, California
Maximum Reported Size: 16 mm
References: Dall (1919b) M

Cryptonatica aleutica Dall, 1919b, p. 352
Type Locality: Aleutian Islands

Natica algida Gould, 1848b, p. 73, [Gould 1860, pl. 15, fig. 256-256a]
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Rio Negro [Argentina]
Maximum Reported Size: 15 mm
Comments: Type locality is wrong if synonymy is correct.

Natica beverlii Leach, 1819a, p. lxi
Type Locality: Baffin's Bay
Range: 69°N to 76°N; 55°W to 80°W
Distribution: Baffin Bay
References: Leach (1819a) NSEW; M. Hollman (pers. comm., 6 April 1998) s

Natica clausa Broderip & Sowerby, 1829, p. 372
Type Locality: Unknown
Range: 82°N to 36°N; 130°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 to 2811 m (live 7 to 2811 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 37 mm
Distribution: Greenland: North Greenland, West Greenland, East Greenland; Baffin Bay, Canada: Nunavut, Queen Elizabeth Islands, Baffin Island, Labrador, Newfoundland, Quebec, New Brunswick; USA: Maine, Massachusetts, North Carolina
References: Bush (1893) DL; Thorson (1944) l; Macpherson (1971) {l}WM; Clarke (1974) {L}; Schiötte (1989) N; Bouchet & Warén (1993) s
Combining Genera:  Lunatia

Natica consolidata Couthouy, 1838, p. 89-90, pl. 3, fig. 14
Type Locality: Near Nahant (ex pisces); off Cohasset [both Massachusetts]
Range: 42.4°N ; 70.9°W to 70.8°W
Maximum Reported Size: 14 mm
Distribution: USA: Massachusetts
References: Couthouy (1838) NSEWM; Bouchet & Warén (1993) s

Natica clausa f. depressior Middendorff, 1851, p. 209-210
Type Locality: Südküste des Ochotskischen Meers und an der grossen Schantar-Insel
Maximum Reported Size: 17 mm
References: Middendorff (1851) M; Bouchet & Warén (1993) s

Natica clausa f. elatior Middendorff, 1849b, p. 420
Type Locality: Insel Novaja-Semlja
Maximum Reported Size: 29 mm
References: Middendorff (1849b) M; Bouchet & Warén (1993) s

Natica minor Philippi, 1852, 
References: Bouchet & Warén (1993) s
Comments: Non Lea, 1833.

Natica clausa f. normalis Middendorff, 1849b, p. 420
[Not available]
Type Locality: Ins. Sitcha
Maximum Reported Size: 36 mm
References: Middendorff (1849b) M; Bouchet & Warén (1993) s
Comments: Infrasubspecific.

Natica russa Gould, 1859, 

Cryptonatica salimba Dall, 1919b, p. 351-352
Type Locality: USFC sta. 4423, between Santa Barbara and San Nicolas Islands, California
Maximum Reported Size: 14 mm
References: Dall (1919b) M

Natica septentrionalis Möller, 1842a, p. 80
Attributed to: Beck
Type Locality: [West] Greenland
Depth: 55 to 127 m
Maximum Reported Size: 30 mm
Distribution: Greenland: West Greenland
References: Möller (1842a) M; Schiötte & Warén (1992) Dds

Natica clausa var. tenuis Mörch, 1869b, p. 16, Not figured
Type Locality: Bellsound, Spitzberg
Maximum Reported Size: 25 mm
References: Mörch (1869b) M; Dautzenberg & Fischer (1912) s
Comments: Non Récluz, 1850.

Natica clausa var. unicolor Middendorff, 1849b, p. 421
[Not available]
Type Locality: Not stated
Comments: Nude name.

Natica vittata Jeffreys, 1877, 
References: Bouchet & Warén (1993) s

Natica clausa var. zonata Middendorff, 1849b, p. 421
[Not available]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Leche (1878:49) s
Comments: Nude name; infrasubspecific in Middendorff (1851:269).

Partial List of References

Broderip, W. J. and G. B. Sowerby. 1829. Observations on new or interesting Mollusca contained, for the most part, in the museum of the Zoological Society Zoological Journal 4 359-379, pl. 9. [Stated date: -- Jan 1829.]
Couthouy, J. P. 1838. Descriptions of new species of Mollusca and shells, and remarks on several polypi found in Massachusetts Bay Boston Journal of Natural History 2 53-111, pls. 1-3. [Stated date: -- Feb 1838.]
Dall, W. H. 1919. Descriptions of new species of Mollusca from the North Pacific Ocean in the collection of the United States National Museum Proceedings of the United States National Museum 56(2295) 293-371. [Stated date: -- --- 1919; true date: 30 Aug 1919.]
Gmelin, J. F. 1791. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Editio decima tertia Systema Naturae, 13th ed., vol. 1(6) 3021-3910. Lipsiae.
Gould, A. A. 1848. [Descriptions of shells from the collection of the Exploring Expedition] Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 3 73-75. [Stated date: -- Nov 1848.]
Leach, W. E. 1819. A list of invertebrate animals, discovered by his majesty's ship Isabella, in a voyage to the Arctic regions A Voyage of Discovery. Appendix II, Zoological Memoranda lxi-lxiv John Murray: London. [True date: -- Apr 1819.]
Middendorff, A. T. von. 1849. Beiträge zu einer Malacozoologia Rossica. II. Aufzählung und Beschreibung der zur Meeresfauna Russlands gehörigen einschaler Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg, Sciences Naturelles (6)6 329-516, pls. 1-11.
Middendorff, A. T. von. 1851. Mollusken Reise in den Aussersten Norden und Osten Sibiriens 2(1) 163-464, pl. 8-30 [Stated date: 30 Sep 1851.]
Möller, H. P. C. 1842. Index molluscorum Groenlandiae Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift 4 76-97.
Mörch, O. A. L. 1869. Catalogue des Mollusques du Spitzberg recueillis par le Dr. H. Kroyer pendant le voyage de la corvette la Recherche en juin 1838 Mémoires de la Société Malacologique de Belgique 4 7-32.

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