The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Trochoidea: Turbininae

Astralium phoebium (Röding, 1798)

Range: 34.36°N to 8°S; 93.8°W to 34.9°W
Depth: 0 to 91 m (live 0 to 32 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 76  mm


Astraea phoebia Röding, 1798
Astraea titania Röding, 1798
Astralium deplanatum Link, 1807
Calcar planoradiatum Schumacher, 1817
Astraea brevispina auct. non Lamarck, 1822
Trochus brevispina auct. non Lamarck, 1822
Trochus costulatus Lamarck, 1822
Trochus longispina Lamarck, 1822
Astraea longispina (Lamarck, 1822) 
Imperator longispina (Lamarck, 1822) 
Astraea spinulosum (Lamarck, 1822) 
Trochus spinulosus Lamarck, 1822
Uvanilla latispina auct. non Philippi, 1844
Astraea latispina auct. non Philippi, 1844
Trochus aster Philippi, 1848
Trochus armatus Philippi, 1849
Trochus orichalceus Philippi, 1849
Astralium heliacum (Philippi, 1850) 
Trochus heliacus Philippi, 1850
Astraea ruthi A. H. Verrill, 1948


Astraea phoebia Röding, 1798, p. 79, [Chemnitz 1781, pl. 174, figs. 1716-1717]
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: Not stated
Range: 34.36°N to 8°S; 93.8°W to 34.9°W
Depth: 0 to 91 m (live 0 to 32 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 76 mm
Distribution: USA: North Carolina, Florida: East Florida, West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Louisiana, Flower Garden Banks; Mexico: Campeche State, Cayo Arcas, Campeche, Yucatan State, Alacran Reef, Quintana Roo; Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela: Falcon, Sucre, Islas Los Roques, Isla Margarita; Bermuda, Bahamas: Abaco (Great or Little); Cuba: North Havana Province, North Matanzas, Holguin; Cayman Islands: Grand Cayman Island; Jamaica, Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands: St. Croix; Brazil: Pernambuco
References: Lipka (1974) W; Lozet & Pétron (1977) M; Princz (1978b); Mello & Perrier (1986) SE; Porter & Safrit (1981) DLN; Fernández Milera (1998); García (2000); Macsotay & Campos (2001); Vegas Torres (2004)

Trochus (Calcar) armatus Philippi, 1849b, p. 102, [Küster, Conch. Cab. pl. 41, fig. 1]
Type Locality: Unknown
Maximum Reported Size: 24 mm
Distribution: Virgin Islands: St. Croix
References: Philippi (1849b) M; Abbott (1958) s

Trochus aster Philippi, 1848, 
References: Abbott (1958) s

Trochus brevispina auct. non Lamarck, 1822, 
[Not available]
Range: 25°N to 17.8°N; 80°W to 65°W
Maximum Reported Size: 65 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida; Virgin Islands: St. Croix
References: Calkins (1878) NW; Usticke (1959) SEM; Vilas & Vilas (1970)
Comments: Misidentification.
Combining Genera:  Astraea

Trochus costulatus Lamarck, 1822b, p. 14
Type Locality: la mer des Antilles?
Maximum Reported Size: 54 mm
References: Lamarck (1822b) M; Abbott (1958) s

Astralium deplanatum Link, 1807b, p. 135, [Chemnitz, 1781, pl. 174, fig. 1718-1720]
Type Locality: Not stated
Range: 22°N ; 85°W
Distribution: Cuba: Pinar del Rio
References: Aguayo & Jaume (1947a) NSEW; Abbott (1958) s

Trochus heliacus Philippi, 1850, 
References: Arango (1880); Abbott (1958) s
Combining Genera:  Astralium

Astraea latispina auct. non Philippi, 1844, 
[Not available]
Range: 24.6°N to 17.8°N; 81.8°W to 65°W
Maximum Reported Size: 50 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: Florida Keys; Virgin Islands: St. Croix
References: Melvill (1881) NW; Usticke (1959) SEM
Comments: Misidentification by Usticke (1959).
Combining Genera:  Uvanilla

Trochus longispina Lamarck, 1822b, p. 10
Type Locality: l'Océan des grandes Indes
Range: 25.7°N to 9.4°N; 89.7°W to 79.2°W
Depth: 13 m
Maximum Reported Size: 63 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: West Florida; Mexico: Alacran Reef; Colombia: Old Providence Island; Panama, Bahamas: Bimini; Cuba: Pinar del Rio, North Havana Province
References: Bartsch (1911b) D; Olsson & McGinty (1958) S; Voss & Voss (1960) NE; Abbott (1958) s; Rice & Kornicker (1962) WM
Combining Genera:  Astraea Imperator

Trochus (Calcar) orichalceus Philippi, 1849b, p. 110-111, [Küster, Conch. Cab.,pl. 41, fig. 2]
Attributed to: Koch
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Abbott (1958) s

Calcar plano-radiatum Schumacher, 1817, p. 193, [Chemnitz, 1781, pl. 174, fig. 1716-1717]
Type Locality: Not stated

Astraea ruthi A. H. Verrill, 1948, p. 70, pl. [1]
Type Locality: Barbados
Range: 13.2°N ; 59.6°W
Maximum Reported Size: 41 mm
Distribution: Barbados
References: Rosenberg (herein) s
Comments: Description matches specimens of A. phoebium in ANSP.

Trochus spinulosus Lamarck, 1822b, p. 13-14
Type Locality: Unknown
Range: 25°N to 17.8°N; 81°W to 64.7°W
Maximum Reported Size: 65 mm
Distribution: Cuba; Virgin Islands: St. Croix
References: M. Smith (1941) NWM; Abbott (1958) s; Usticke (1959) SE
Combining Genera:  Astraea

Astraea titaina sic, 
[Not available]
Comments: Error for titania by Abbott (1958).

Astraea titania Röding, 1798, p. 80, [Chemnitz 1781, pl. 174, figs. 1718-1719]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Abbott (1958) s

Partial List of References

Lamarck, [J. B.] 1822. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertčbres Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertčbres 7 [iii] + 711 pp. Author: Paris. [Stated date: -- Aug 1822.]
Link, H. F. 1807. Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universitat zu Rostock 3  pp. [i-ii] + 101-165. Rostock. [Stated date: 17 May 1807.]
Philippi, R. A. 1849. Centuria altera testaceorum novorum Zeitschrift für Malakozoologie 5 99-112. [Stated date: -- Jan 1849; true date: -- Feb 1849.]
Röding, P. F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum  viii + 199 pp. Hamburg. [Stated date: -- Sep 1798.]
Schumacher, C. F. 1817. Essai d'un Nouveau Systčme des Habitations des Vers Testacés  [iv] + 287 pp., 22 pls. Schultz: Copenhague. [Stated date: -- --- 1817; true date: post 1 Mar.]
Verrill, A. H. 1948. Some new West Indian shells Mollusca (Tavares, Florida) 2 70, 1 pl. [Stated date: 01 Jun 1948.]

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