The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Naticoidea: Naticidae

Euspira heros (Say, 1822)

Range: 51.5°N to 33°N; 76°W to 65°W
Depth: 0 to 435 m (live 0 to 130 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 115  mm


Natica heros Say, 1822
Polinices heros (Say, 1822) 
Lunatia heros (Say, 1822) 
Natica pomum Philippi, 1853
Lunatia chalmersi Matthew, 1874


Natica heros Say, 1822a, p. 248
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: Great Egg Harbor, New Jersey
Range: 51.5°N to 33°N; 76°W to 65°W
Depth: 0 to 435 m (live 0 to 130 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 115 mm
Distribution: Canada: Labrador, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick; USA: Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina
References: Bush (1893) LD; Procter (1933) N; B. B. Baker (1951) W; Bousfield (1964) D; Spencer & Campbell (1987) S
Comments: Tryon (1886) consider Natica ampullaria Lamarck, 1822 a possible synonym; however, Mermod (1953) showed that N. ampullaria is a synonym of the European Natica catena da Costa, 1778.
Combining Genera:  Lunatia Polinices

Lunatia heros var. chalmersi Matthew, 1874, p. 39, pl. 1, fig. 2
Type Locality: Benjamin River [New Brunswick, Canada]
Maximum Reported Size: 40 mm
Distribution: Canada: New Brunswick
References: Matthew (1874) NSEWM; Dawson (1893)

Natica pomum Philippi, 1853, 
[Synonymy uncertain]
References: Tryon (1886) s?

Partial List of References

Matthew, G. F. 1874. Note sur les mollusques de la Formation Post-Pliocène de l'Acadie Annales de la Société Malacologique de Belgique 9 33-50, pl. 1. [True date: post 12 Apr.]
Say, T. 1822. An account of some of the marine shells of the United States Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 2 221-248, 257-276, 302-325. [Stated date: -- Jun 1822; true date: -- Jul 1822.]

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