The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Stromboidea: Strombidae

Eustrombus gigas (Linnaeus, 1758)

Range: 32.97°N to 9.4°N; 93.6°W to 59.6°W
Depth: 0.3 to 25 m (live 0.3 to 18 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 352  mm


Strombus gigas Linnaeus, 1758
Strombus lucifer Linnaeus, 1758
Pyramea lucifer (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Strombus samba Clench, 1937
Strombus horridus M. Smith, 1940
Strombus verrilli McGinty, 1946
Strombus canaliculatus Burry, 1949
Strombus pahayokee Petuch, 1994


Strombus gigas Linnaeus, 1758, p. 745, [Bonan. 3, t. 321; Gualt. 33, f. A]
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: America
Range: 32.97°N to 9.4°N; 93.6°W to 59.6°W
Depth: 0.3 to 25 m (live 0.3 to 18 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 352 mm
Distribution: USA: South Carolina, Florida: East Florida, West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Flower Garden Banks; Mexico: Cayo Arcas, Campeche, Alacran Reef, Quintana Roo; Belize; Honduras: Swan Island; Colombia: Old Providence Island; Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia; ABC Islands: Aruba; Venezuela: Gulf of Venezuela, Falcon, Carabobo, Sucre, Islas Los Roques, Los Testigos; Bermuda, Bahamas: Grand Bahama Island, Bimini, Eleuthera, Little San Salvador, Cat Island, Inagua (Great or Little); Turks and Caicos, Cuba: Pinar del Rio, North Havana Province, North Matanzas, Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Holguin, Santiago de Cuba, Guantanamo; Jamaica, Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands: St. Croix; St. Barthelemy/St. Bartholomew, Martinique; St. Vincent & the Grenadines: Mustique, Grenada; Barbados
References: Dautzenberg (1900); Clench (1937); Olsson & McGinty (1958) S; Rice & Kornicker (1962) {W}; Shoemaker (1971) DN; Princz (1978b); Odé (1982b) W; Wagner & Abbott (1990) M; Fernández Milera (1998); Kreipl & Poppe (1999); Macsotay & Campos (2001); Vegas Torres (2004); Hewitt (2005a); Simone (2005a) c

Strombus canaliculatus Burry, 1949, 
References: Robertson (1962) s

Strombus horridus M. Smith, 1940, 
References: Clench & Abbott (1941) s

Strombus lucifer Linnaeus, 1758, p. 744, [Bonan. 3, t. 303-304; Barrel rar. t. 1327, f. 7; Argen. t. 17, f. E; Klein t. 4, f. 85]
Type Locality: ad Americam australem
References: Link (1807b); Menke (1828) s
Combining Genera:  Pyramea

Strombus (Eustrombus) gigas pahayokee Petuch, 1994, p. 82, pl. 20, fig. c
[Not available]
Type Locality: Griffin Bros. pit, Holey Land area, Palm Beach Co., Florida
Maximum Reported Size: 187 mm
References: Petuch (1994) M
Comments: Nude name; illustrated but not described.

Strombus samba Clench, 1937b, p. 18-20, pl. 1, fig. 1
Type Locality: Wood Cay, West End, Grand Bahama Island, Bahama Islands
Range: 26°N to 17.8°N; 83°W to 64.9°W
Depth: 1 to 4.5 m (live 1 to 4.5 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 225 mm
Distribution: Bahamas: Grand Bahama Island; Cuba: Pinar del Rio; Virgin Islands: St. Croix
References: Clench (1937b) DdLl; Aguayo & Jaume (1947a) W; Usticke (1959) SEM; Warmke & Abbott (1961) s

Strombus gigas verrilli McGinty, 1946, p. 46-48, pl. 5, figs. 2-3; pl. 6, figs. 7-8
Type Locality: Near the north end of Lake Worth
Range: 26.8°N to 17.8°N; 80°W to 64.9°W
Maximum Reported Size: 124 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: East Florida; Cuba; Virgin Islands: St. Croix
References: McGinty (1946) NWM; Usticke (1959) SE; Warmke & Abbott (1961) s

Partial List of References

Clench, W. J. 1937. Descriptions of new land and marine shells from the Bahama Islands Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club 16 17-26, pl. 1. [Stated date: 05 Feb 1937.]
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae Systema Naturae, 10th ed., vol. 1 824 pp. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae [Stockholm, Sweden].
McGinty, T. L. 1946. A new Florida Strombus, S. gigas verrilli Nautilus 60 46-48, pls. 5-6. [Stated date: -- Oct 1946.]
Petuch, E. J. 1994. Atlas of Florida Fossil Shells  xii + 394 pp., 100 pls. Chicago Spectrum Press: Evanston, Illinois. [Stated date: -- --- 1994; true date: pre Nov.]

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