The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Cypraeoidea: Cypraeidae

Luria cinerea (Gmelin, 1791)

Range: 35°N to 20.85°S; 94.2°W to 29.3°W
Depth: 0 to 1472 m (live 0.3 to 97 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 45  mm


Cypraea morio Meuschen, 1787
Talparia cinerea (Gmelin, 1791) 
Cypraea cinerea Gmelin, 1791
Cypraea rufescens Gmelin, 1791
Cypraea translucens Gmelin, 1791
Cypraea bullata Röding, 1798
Cypraea caerulea Schröter, 1804
Cypraea sordida Lamarck, 1811
Cypraea cincta Dillwyn, 1817
Cypraea decorticata Gray, 1824
Cypraea fulva Gray, 1824
Sinusigera cancellata d'Orbigny, 1847
Cypraea aubryana auct. non Jousseaume, 1869
Cypraea fragilioides Hidalgo, 1907
Cypraea campbelliana Pilsbry, 1922
Cypraea flava Sullioti, 1922
Cypraea pellucidula Sullioti, 1924
Cypraea morinis Ingram, 1939
Luria rutschi Schilder, 1939
Cypraea costaricaensis Ingram, 1940
Cypraea limonensis Ingram, 1940
Cypraea barbadensis A. H. Verrill, 1948
Cypraea catiana Weisbord, 1962
Luria brasilensis Lorenz & Hubert, 1993
Luria brasilensis Lorenz, 2002


Cypraea cinerea Gmelin, 1791, p. 3402, [Lister, t.667, f. 11, 668, f. 13a-b, 670, f. 16; Gualt. t.16, f. H,L,M; Martini 1, t. 25, f.254-255]
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: Unknown
Range: 35°N to 20.85°S; 94.2°W to 29.3°W
Depth: 0 to 1472 m (live 0.3 to 97 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 44 mm
Distribution: USA: North Carolina, Florida: East Florida, West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Flower Garden Banks, Texas; Mexico: Cayo Arcas, Campeche, Yucatan State, Alacran Reef, Quintana Roo; Honduras: Swan Island; Colombia: Offshore islands; Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela: Gulf of Venezuela, Carabobo, Islas Los Roques, Isla la Blanquilla; Bermuda, Cuba: North Havana Province, North Matanzas, Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Guantanamo; Jamaica, Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands: St. Croix; Barbuda; St. Vincent & the Grenadines: St. Vincent, Grenada; Brazil: Amapa, Para, Maranhao, Ceara, Fernando de Noronha, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Bahia, Abrolhos Islands, Trindade Island
References: Dall (1889a) D; Houbrick (1968) d; Lipka (1974) {W}; Princz (1987); Wagner & Abbott (1990) M; Leal (1991b) LS; HMNS W; Espinosa, Ortea & González (2003); Simone (2004)
Combining Genera:  Talparia

Cypraea aubryana auct. non Jousseaume, 1869, 
[Not available]
Maximum Reported Size: 45 mm
References: Coomans (1988) s
Comments: Misidentification by Petuch (1987).

Cypraea carneola barbadensis A. H. Verrill, 1948, p. 70
Type Locality: Barbados
Range: 13.2°N ; 59.6°W
Maximum Reported Size: 33 mm
Distribution: Barbados
References: Schilder & Schilder (1971) s
Comments: Non Schilder, 1941.

Luria cinerea f. brasiliensis Lorenz & Hubert, 1993, p. 79, pl. 30, figs. 8-11
[Not available]
Attributed to: Raybaudi
Type Locality: Northern Brazil
Maximum Reported Size: 19 mm
Distribution: Brazil
References: Lorenz & Hubert (1993) M; Simone (2004) s
Comments: Infrasubspecific.

Luria cinerea brasiliensis Lorenz, 2002, p. 35-38, pl. 9, figs. 3-8
Type Locality: Recife, Brazil
Range: 14.5°N to 8°S; 61°W to 34.9°W
Depth: 12 to 150 m
Maximum Reported Size: 26.5 mm
Distribution: Martinique, Brazil: Ceara, Pernambuco
References: Lorenz (2002) NSEWM

Cypraea bullata Röding, 1798, p. 22, [Martini 1769, pl. 25, figs. 254-255]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Schilder & Schilder (1971) s

Cypraea caerulea Schröter, 1804, 
References: Schilder & Schilder (1971) s

Cypraea campbelliana Pilsbry, 1922b, p. 365-366, [Pilsbry 1922c, pl. 30, figs. 9-10]
Type Locality: Tertiary of Santo Domingo
Maximum Reported Size: 30.3 mm
References: Pilsbry (1922b) M
Comments: Described as a fossil. Treated as an extinct subspecies of L. cinerea by Schilder & Schilder (1971).

Sinusigera cancellata d'Orbigny, 1847b, p. 150, pl. 23, figs. 7-9
Type Locality: Jamaica
Range: 18°N ; 77°W
Maximum Reported Size: 0.5 mm
Distribution: Jamaica
References: d'Orbigny (1847b) NSEWM; Jong & Coomans (1988) s

Cypraea (Luria) cinerea catiana Weisbord, 1962, p. 230-232, pl. 21, figs. 13-14
Type Locality: Playa Grande formation (Catia member), in bluff 125 m west of intersection of Playa Grande Yachting Club road and coast road and about 95 meters due south of shoreline, Venezuela
Maximum Reported Size: 32 mm
References: Weisbord (1962) M
Comments: Described as a fossil.

Cypraea cincta Dillwyn, 1817, p. 444, Not figured
[Not available]
Attributed to: Solander MS
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Schilder & Schilder (1971) s
Comments: Name introduced in synonymy of Cypraea vanelli.

Cypraea costaricaensis Ingram, 1940, p. 505, figs. 1-2
Type Locality: Second bed from top of Moen Hill, Costa Rica
Maximum Reported Size: 16.5 mm
References: Ingram (1940) M
Comments: Described as a Pliocene fossil.

Cypraea decorticata Gray, 1824a, 
[Not available]
References: Schilder & Schilder (1971) s
Comments: Not intended as a name; Gray (1824a) used 'decorticata' as a descriptive term for worn specimens of various species.

Cypraea flava Sullioti, 1922, 
References: Schilder & Schilder (1971) s

Cypraea fragilioides Hidalgo, 1907, 
Attributed to: Meuschen (1778)
References: Schilder & Schilder (1971) s

Cypraea fulva Gray, 1824a, 
[Not available]
References: Schilder & Schilder (1971) s
Comments: Non Gmelin, 1791; not intended as a name; Gray (1824a) used 'fulva' as a descriptive term under several species.

Cypraea cinerea var. limonensis Ingram, 1940, p. 505-506, figs. 3-4
Type Locality: Lowest bed in street cut on the outskirts of Limon, Costa Rica
Maximum Reported Size: 35.35 mm
References: Ingram (1940) M
Comments: Described as a Pliocene fossil.

Cypraea morinis Ingram, 1939, 

Cypraea morio Meuschen, 1787, 
[Not available]
References: Schilder & Schilder (1971) s
Comments: Non-binominal.

Cypraea pellucidula Sullioti, 1924, 
Comments: Non Gaskoin, 1846.

Cypraea rufescens Gmelin, 1791, p. 3404, [Gualtieri, pl. 16, fig. D]
Type Locality: Unknown
Maximum Reported Size: 32 mm
References: Gmelin (1791) M; Schilder & Schilder (1971) s

Luria rutschi Schilder, 1939, 

Cypraea sordida Lamarck, 1811a, p. 91
Type Locality: Unknown
Maximum Reported Size: 38 mm
References: Lamarck (1811a) M; Schilder & Schilder (1971) s

Cypraea translucens Gmelin, 1791, p. 3404, [Gualtieri, pl. 16, f. G]
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Schilder & Schilder (1971) s

Partial List of References

d'Orbigny, A. 1847. Mollusques Histoire Physique, Politique et Naturelle de l'île de Cuba 2 129-224, pls. 22-25?. [Stated date: -- --- 1853; true date: pre May?]
Dillwyn, L. W. 1817. A descriptive catalogue of recent shells A Descriptive Catalogue of Recent Shells 1-2 xii + 1-580; [iv] + 581-1121. John and Arthur Arch: Cornhill.
Gmelin, J. F. 1791. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Editio decima tertia Systema Naturae, 13th ed., vol. 1(6) 3021-3910. Lipsiae.
Ingram, W. M. 1940. Two new Cypraeas from Costa Rica Journal of Paleontology 14 505-506. [Stated date: -- Sep 1940.]
Lamarck, [J. B.] 1811. Suite du genre Porcelaine Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 16 89-108. [Stated date: -- --- 1810; true date: -- --- 1811.]
Lorenz, F. 2002. New worldwide cowries. Descriptions of new taxa and revisions of selected groups of living Cypraeidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) Schriften zur Malakozoologie 20 [iv] + 292 pp. [Stated date: 29 Jul 2002.]
Lorenz, F., Jr. and A. Hubert. 1993. A guide to worldwide cowries  571 pp. Christa Hemmen: Wiesbaden, Germany.
Pilsbry, H. A. 1922. Revision of W. M. Gabb's Tertiary Mollusca of Santo Domingo [cont.] Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 73 353-416. [True date: 18 Jan 1922.]
Röding, P. F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum  viii + 199 pp. Hamburg. [Stated date: -- Sep 1798.]
Verrill, A. H. 1948. Some new West Indian shells Mollusca (Tavares, Florida) 2 70, 1 pl. [Stated date: 01 Jun 1948.]
Weisbord, N. E. 1962. Late Cenozoic gastropods from northern Venezuela Bulletins of American Paleontology 42(193) 672 pp., 48 pls. [Stated date: 05 Mar 1962.]

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