The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Tonnoidea: Ficidae

Ficus communis Röding, 1798

Range: 35°N to 10.7°N; 92°W to 69°W
Depth: 0 to 176 m
Maximum Reported Size: 145  mm


Ficus communis Röding, 1798
Pyrula reticulata Lamarck, 1816
Pirula papyratia (Say, 1822) 
Pyrula papyratia Say, 1822
Sycotypus papyratia (Say, 1822) 
Ficula gracilis Philippi, 1849
Pyrula fortior Mörch, 1877
Ficus caloosahatchiensis M. Smith, 1907
Pyrula pilsbryi B. Smith, 1907
Ficus carolae Clench, 1945
Ficus floridensis Olsson & Harbison, 1953


Ficus communis Röding, 1798, p. 148, [Knorr 3, pl. 23, fig. 1]
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: Not stated
Range: 35°N to 12°N; 91.47°W to 69°W
Depth: 0 to 46 m
Maximum Reported Size: 130 mm
Distribution: USA: North Carolina, Florida: East Florida, West Florida; Mexico: Campeche State, Yucatan State, Quintana Roo; Colombia; ABC Islands: unlocalized; Venezuela: Gulf of Venezuela
References: Springer & Bullis (1956) DW; Princz (1978b) S; Faber (2008b); ANSP M

Ficus caloosahatchiensis M. Smith, 1907, 
[Synonymy uncertain]
References: Campbell et al. (1975) s

Ficus carolae Clench, 1945b, p. 3, pl. 2, figs. 1-3
Type Locality: 5.5 miles SE of The Elbow, Key Largo, Florida, 92-100 fathoms
Range: 25°N to 22°N; 90°W to 81°W
Depth: 64 to 176 m
Maximum Reported Size: 145 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: Florida Keys; Mexico: Campeche Bank
References: Sunderland & Sunderland (1991a) dW; Verhaeghe & Poppe (2000) M

Ficus floridensis Olsson & Harbison, 1953, p. 258, pl. 41, fig. 3-3a
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Caloosahatchee River
Maximum Reported Size: 126 mm
References: Olsson & Harbison (1953) M

Pyrula fortior Mörch, 1877b, p. 43
Type Locality: Antilles or Campeche, Mexico
Range: 19°N ; 92°W
References: Mörch (1877b) NSEW; Clench (1942a) s

Ficula gracilis Philippi, 1849a, p. 97-98
Type Locality: 'sinus Mexicanus, Florida, Campeche'
Range: 26°N to 19°N; 92°W to 82°W
Maximum Reported Size: 74 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida; Mexico: Campeche State
References: Philippi (1849a) NSEWM
Comments: Non Sowerby, 1825.

Ficus papyracea sic, 
[Not available]
Range: 34°N to 33°N; 79°W to 78°W
Distribution: USA: North Carolina, South Carolina
References: Kurtz (1860) NSEW
Comments: Error for papyratia by Kurtz (1860).

Pyrula papyratia Say, 1822a, p. 238-239
Type Locality: Georgia; East Florida; West Indies
Range: 35°N to 10.7°N; 92°W to 71.6°W
Depth: 20 m
Maximum Reported Size: 104 mm
Distribution: USA: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida: East Florida, West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Alabama; Mexico: Campeche State; Colombia, Venezuela: Gulf of Venezuela, Zulia; Bahamas: Grand Bahama Island
References: Say (1822a) M; Mörch (1877b) W; Dautzenberg (1900) Dd; Clench & Aguayo (1940) SE; Clench (1942a)
Comments: The neotype designated by Pilsbry (in Clench 1942) is invalid as a taxonomic need for the neotype was not stated. Clench's (1942a) record from Texas needs confirmation, as does the 165 mm size reported by Verhaeghe & Poppe (2000).
Combining Genera:  Pirula Sycotypus

Pyrula pilsbryi B. Smith, 1907, p. 213-214, text-fig. 1
Type Locality: 'Bowden beds, Oligocene (or Miocene)', Bowden, Jamaica
Maximum Reported Size: 42 mm
Distribution: Gulf of Mexico
References: B. Smith (1907) M; Sunderland & Sunderland (1991a); Robinson (1991) s

Pyrula reticulata Lamarck, 1816, p. [Lamarck 1822b, p. 141], pl. 432, fig. 2
Type Locality: Not stated [l'Océan indien (Lamarck 1822b), in error]
Maximum Reported Size: 108 mm
References: Dodge (1955: 31) s

Partial List of References

Clench, W. J. 1945. The genus Ficus in the Western Atlantic Johnsonia 1(18) 1-3. [Stated date: 23 Nov 1945.]
Lamarck, [J. B.] 1816. Tableau Encyclopédique et Méthodique des Trois Règnes de la Nature  [iii] + 16 pp., pls. 391-431, 431 bis, 431 bis*, 432-488. Veuve Agasse: Paris.
Mörch, O. A. L. 1877. Synopsis molluscorum marinorum Indiarum occidentalium imprimis insularum danicarum Malakozoologische Blätter 24 14-66, 93-123.
Olsson, A. A. and A. Harbison. 1953. Pliocene Mollusca of Southern Florida, with special reference to those from North Saint Petersburg Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 8 vii + 459, 65 pls. [Stated date: 06 Nov 1953.]
Philippi, R. A. 1849. Kurze Beschreibung einiger neuen Conchylien Zeitschrift für Malakozoologie 5 97-98. [Stated date: -- Jan 1849; true date: -- Feb 1849.]
Röding, P. F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum  viii + 199 pp. Hamburg. [Stated date: -- Sep 1798.]
Say, T. 1822. An account of some of the marine shells of the United States Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 2 221-248, 257-276, 302-325. [Stated date: -- Jun 1822; true date: -- Jul 1822.]
Smith, B. 1907. A contribution to the morphology of Pyrula Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 59 208-219, pl. 17. [Stated date: -- May 1907; true date: 20 Jun 1907.]

Key To Reference Codes
List of ANSP Collections   Terms and Conditions of Use

Learn about the AcademyMembershipfor KidsLibraryfor FamiliesshopNewsMuseumEducationResearch
©1998 - 2010 All Rights Reserved, The Academy of Natural Sciences, 1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103
Tel: 215-299-1000 Email: