The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Pterotracheoidea: Pterotracheidae

Firoloida desmarestia Lesueur, 1817

Range: 40°N to 28.63°S; 97.5°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 to 100 m (live 0 to 100 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 50  mm


Pterotrachea hyalina Forsskål, 1775
Firoloides aculeata (Lesueur, 1817) 
Firoloida aculeata Lesueur, 1817
Firoloidea aculeata (Lesueur, 1817) 
Firoloida blainvilliana Lesueur, 1817
Firoloides blainvilliana (Lesueur, 1817) 
Firoloides desmarestia (Lesueur, 1817) 
Firoloida desmarestia Lesueur, 1817
Firola gaimardii d'Orbigny, 1834
Cerophora gaimardii (d'Orbigny, 1834) 
Firoloidea gaimardii (d'Orbigny, 1834) 
Firoloidea lesueurii (d'Orbigny, 1834) 
Cerophora lesueurii (d'Orbigny, 1834) 
Firola lesueurii d'Orbigny, 1834
Firoloides lesueurii (d'Orbigny, 1834) 
Pterotrachea eydouxii Gray, 1850
Firolella gracilis Troschel, 1855
Firolella vigilans Troschel, 1855
Cyclostrema minutum Jeffreys, 1883
Firoloida kowalewskyi Vayssière, 1904
Firoloida liguriae Issel, 1907
Tholapex solutus di Geronimo, 1974


Firoloida demarestia Lesueur, 1817b, p. 39, pl. 2, figs. 1, 1a-b
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: near Martinique, 22°9'N
Range: 40°N to 5°S; 97.5°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 to 100 m (live 0 to 100 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 50 mm
Distribution: Mexico: Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan State, Campeche Bank, North of Yucatan (deep water), Quintana Roo; Bermuda; Cuba: Havana Province; Oceanic
References: Lesueur (1817b) M; Richter & Seapy (1999); Castellanos & Suárez-Morales (2001) LlW
Comments: Originally spelled as demarestia, without statement of derivation of the name. Spelled desmarestia by Lesueur (1817c: 160) a few months later, with French vernacular name 'La Firoloïde de Desmarest'. The commonest subsequent spellings are desmaresti, desmarestii, and desmarestia. None of these is in prevailing usage, but all insert an s as the species was named for [A. G.] Desmarest. Insertion of s is therefore accepted here as prevailing usage under ICZN Article 33.3.1.
Combining Genera:  Firoloides

Firoloida aculata sic, 
[Not available]
Comments: Misspelling by Lesueur (1817c: 160).

Firoloida aculeata Lesueur, 1817b, p. 40, pl. 2, fig. 3
Type Locality: 22°9'N
Range: 22.15°N
References: Lesueur (1817b) NS
Combining Genera:  Firoloidea Firoloides

Pterotrachea blainvilleana sic, 
[Not available]
Comments: Misspelling by Gray (1850: 100).

Firoloida blainvilliana Lesueur, 1817b, p. 39-40, pl. 2, figs. 2a-b
Type Locality: near Martinique, 22°9'N
Range: 22.15°N
Maximum Reported Size: 35 mm
References: Lesueur (1817b) NSM
Comments: Also described by Lesueur (1817c: 160).
Combining Genera:  Firoloides

Firoloida demarestia sic, 
[Not available]
Comments: Original spelling of Firoloida desmarestia.

Firoloides desmaresti sic, 
[Not available]
Comments: Misspelling by Deshayes (1850, pl. 102).

Firoloida desmarestiana sic, 
[Not available]
Comments: Misspelling by Blainville (1825: 492).

Firoloides desmarestii sic, 
[Not available]
Comments: Misspelling by Huxley (1853).

Pterotrachea desmarestina sic, 
[Not available]
Comments: Misspelling by H. & A. Adams (1855: 94).

Pterotrachea (Firoloida) eydouxii Gray, 1850b, p. 100, pl. 238, fig. 3 [sic, 2]
Type Locality: Not stated

Firola gaimardii d'Orbigny, 1834, p. 153-154 [1836], pl. 10, figs. 13-14 [1834]
Type Locality: l'Océan atlantique, 4°N, 27°W (of Paris)
Range: 4°N ; 29°W
Maximum Reported Size: 30 mm
References: d'Orbigny (1836) NSEWM; Gray (1850b: 100)
Combining Genera:  Cerophora Firoloidea

Firolella gracilis Troschel, 1855, 

Pterotrachea hyalina Forsskål, 1775, 
[Synonymy uncertain]
Comments: E. A. Smith (1888a: 17) listed Pterotrachea hyalina under the heading "Species beyond recognition, stating, "This species I am inclined to think must be a small Firoloida. Smith recognized seven species of Firoloida but van der Spoel (1976) synonymized all of them, considering Firoloida to be monotypic. Firoloida hyalina might therefore be an older name for Firoloida desmarestia.

Firoloida kowalewskyi Vayssière, 1904, 

Firola lesueurii d'Orbigny, 1834, p. 151-153 [1836], pl. 10, figs. 11-12 [1834]
Type Locality: grand Océan austral, 30°S, 89°W (of Paris)
Maximum Reported Size: 30 mm
References: d'Orbigny (1836) WM; Gray (1850b: 100)
Combining Genera:  Cerophora Firoloidea Firoloides

Firoloida liguriae Issel, 1907, 
Range: 28.63°S to 28.63°S; 47.53°W
Distribution: Brazil: Santa Catarina
References: Lange de Morretes (1954a) SE

Cyclostrema minutum Jeffreys, 1883, 
References: Warén (1992a) s
Comments: Based on a juvenile shell.

Tholapex solutus di Geronimo, 1974, 
References: Nofroni (1984) s; Warén (1992a) s
Comments: Based on a juvenile shell.

Firolella vigilans Troschel, 1855, 

Partial List of References

d'Orbigny, A. 1834. Mollusques Voyage dans l'Amérique Méridionale 5 1-48, 73-128, pls. 1-2, 9-13, 15-16, 56 P. Bertrand: Paris. [True date: -- --- 1834.]
Gray, J. E. 1850. Figures of the molluscous animals. Explanations of the plates Figures of the Molluscous Animals 4 1-124. Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans: London. [Stated date: -- --- 1850; true date: post 12 Feb.]
Lesueur, C. A. 1817. Characters of a new genus, and descriptions of three new species upon which it is formed; discovered in the Atlantic ocean, in the months of March and April, 1816; Lat. 22°9' Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences 1 37-41, pl. 2. [True date: post Apr 15.]

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