The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia


Gastropoda: : Epitonioidea: Janthinidae

Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)


Range: 47°N to 40°S; 97°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 to 0 m (live 0 to 0 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 37  mm

Synonymy

Helix janthina Linnaeus, 1758
Janthina violacea Röding, 1798
Janthina fragilis Lamarck, 1801
Ianthina fragilis (Lamarck, 1801) 
Ianthina communis (Lamarck, 1822) 
Janthina communis Lamarck, 1822
Janthina penicephala Péron, 1825
Ianthina bicolor Menke, 1828
Janthina alba Anton, 1838
Janthina rotundata Dillwyn, 1840
Janthina vulgaris Gray, 1847
Ianthina planispirata Adams & Reeve, 1850
Ianthina brittanica Forbes & Hanley, 1852
Ianthina contorta Carpenter, 1857
Ianthina striulata Carpenter, 1857
Ianthina affinis Reeve, 1858
Ianthina africana Reeve, 1858
Ianthina balteata Reeve, 1858
Ianthina caeruleata Reeve, 1858
Ianthina casta Reeve, 1858
Ianthina depressa Reeve, 1858
Ianthina fibula Reeve, 1858
Ianthina grandis Reeve, 1858
Ianthina involuta Reeve, 1858
Ianthina roseola Reeve, 1858
Ianthina smithiae Reeve, 1858
Ianthina trochoidea Reeve, 1858
Janthina carpenteri Mörch, 1860
Janthina costae Mörch, 1860
Janthina orbignyi Mörch, 1860
Janthina spiraelata Mörch, 1860
Janthina conica Monterosato, 1878
Janthina major Monterosato, 1878
Janthina minor Monterosato, 1878
Ianthina nicobarica Laursen, 1953

Details


Helix janthina Linnaeus, 1758, p. 772, [Column. aqu. 23, t. 22, purp. t. 13, f. 2; Bonan. 3, t. 5; Sloan Jam. t. 1, f. 4, t. 572, f. 23...]
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: in Europa, Asia, Africa; in M[are] Mediterraneo frequentior; etiam pelagica
Range: 47°N to 40°S; 97°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 m (live 0 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 37 mm
Distribution: USA: North Carolina, Florida: West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Louisiana, Texas; Mexico: Yucatan State, Quintana Roo; Colombia: Offshore islands; Panama, Colombia, Venezuela: unlocalized; Bermuda, Cuba: North Havana Province, North Matanzas; Jamaica, Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands: St. Croix; Brazil: Ceara, Fernando de Noronha, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Bahia, Trindade Island, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina; Uruguay, Oceanic
References: Laursen (1953) NE; Ev. Marcus (1958); Princz (1982a); Fernández Milera (1998)

Ianthina affinis Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 1, fig. 2a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina africana Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 2, fig. 8a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Zanzibar
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina alba Anton, 1838, p. 50
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Not stated
Maximum Reported Size: 8.7 mm
References: Anton (1838) M; Laursen (1953) s
Comments: Laursen (1953) incorrectly calls this a nomen nudum.

Ianthina balteata Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 3, fig. 11a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Cape of Good Hope
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina bicolor Menke, 1828, p. 84
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Jamaica
Range: 18°N ; 77°W
Maximum Reported Size: 17 mm
Distribution: Jamaica
References: Menke (1830) NSEWM; Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina brittanica Forbes & Hanley, 1852, p. 260-261, pl. 130, fig. 1
[Synonym]
Attributed to: Leach MS
Type Locality: Great Britain
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina caeruleata Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 2, fig. 7a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina carpenteri Mörch, 1860b, p. 277, [Reeve, Janthina fragilis fig. 6]
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Mazatlan [Mexico]; Iles Sandwich
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina casta Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 1, fig. 4a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina communis Lamarck, 1822a, p. 206, [Encyc. Method. pl. 456, fig. 1a-b]
[Synonym]
Range: 24.8°N to 16°S; 81.8°W to 5.7°W
Maximum Reported Size: 25 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: Florida Keys; Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena
References: Lamarck (1822a) M; Melvill (1881) NW; E. A. Smith (1890b) SE; Laursen (1953) s
Combining Genera:  Ianthina

Janthina bicolor var. conica Monterosato, 1878b, p. 95
[Not available]
Type Locality: Mediterranean and Adriatic
Comments: Nude name.

Ianthina contorta Carpenter, 1857, 
[Synonym]
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina costae Mörch, 1860b, p. 274
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Méditerranée; Océan atlantique
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina depressa Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 3, fig. 14a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina fibula Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 4, fig. 17a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina fragilis Lamarck, 1801, p. 89, [Encyc. Method. pl. 456, fig. 1a-b]
[Synonym]
Attributed to: Lamarck, 1799
Type Locality: Not stated
Range: 41.8°N to 16°S; 81.3°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 m
Maximum Reported Size: 32 mm
Distribution: USA: Massachusetts, North Carolina, Florida: East Florida; Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena
References: d'Orbigny (1841a) M; Gould (1870) dN; Jeffreys (1872) S; C. W. Johnson (1890) SW; Nicklčs (1950) E; Laursen (1953) s
Comments: New name for Helix janthina Linnaeus, apparently to avoid tautonomy.
Combining Genera:  Ianthina

Ianthina grandis Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 1, fig. 3a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina involuta Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 3, fig. 12a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina bicolor var. major Monterosato, 1878b, p. 95
[Not available]
Type Locality: Mediterranean and Adriatic
References: Laursen (1953) s
Comments: Nude name.

Janthina bicolor var. minor Monterosato, 1878b, p. 95
[Not available]
Type Locality: Mediterranean and Adriatic
References: Laursen (1953) s
Comments: Nude name.

Ianthina nicobarica Laursen, 1953, 
[Not available]
Attributed to: Reeve MS
Comments: Name introduced in synonymy of J. janthina.

Janthina orbignyi Mörch, 1860b, p. 278, [d'Orbigny pl. 61, fig. 8]
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Océan atlantique
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina penicephala Péron, 1825, 
[Synonym]
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina planispirata Adams & Reeve, 1850, p. 54, pl. 11, fig. 10
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Atlantic Ocean
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina roseola Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 1, fig. 1a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Island of Nicobar
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina rotundata Dillwyn, 1840, 
[Synonym]
Attributed to: Leach MS
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina smithiae Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 3, fig. 15a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: near Penrice Castle, Glamorganshire, South Wales
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina spira elata Mörch, 1860b, p. 278, [Chemnitz, 1781, pl. 166, fig. 1577-1578]
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Tranquebar [India]; Cap de Bonne-Espérance [South Africa]
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina striulata Carpenter, 1857, 
[Synonym]
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina trochoidea Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 2, fig. 10a-b
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina violacea Röding, 1798, p. 75, [Knorr 2, pl. 30, fig. 2-3]
[Synonym]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina vulgaris Gray, 1847, 
[Synonym]
References: Laursen (1953) s


Partial List of References

Adams, A. and L. Reeve. 1850. Mollusca The Zoology of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Samarang 25-87, pl. 7-24 Reeve, Benham, and Reeve: London.
Anton, H. E. 1838. Verzeichniss der Conchylien  xvi + 110 pp. [Stated date: 09 Oct 1838.]
Forbes, E. and S. Hanley. 1852. A History of British Mollusca, and their Shells A History of British Mollusca 4 pp. 1-280, pls. AAA-HHH, KKK-MMM, OOO-QQQ, 114E-F, 122-133. John van Voorst: London.
Lamarck, J. B. 1801. Systęme des Animaux sans Vertčbres  viii + 432 pp. Paris.
Lamarck, [J. B.] 1822. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertčbres Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertčbres 6(2) [iii] + 232 pp. Author: Paris. [Stated date: -- Apr 1822.]
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae Systema Naturae, 10th ed., vol. 1 824 pp. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae [Stockholm, Sweden].
Menke, K. T. 1828. Synopsis methodica Molluscorum  xii + 91 pp. Author: Pyrmont. [True date: post Feb.]
Monterosato, [T. A.] di. 1878. Enumerazione e sinonimia delle conchiglie Mediterranee Giornale di Scienze Naturali ed Economiche 13 61-115.
Mörch, O. A. L. 1860. Matériaux pour servir ā l'histoire de la famille des Janthines Journal de Conchyliologie 8 261-285. [Stated date: -- Jul 1860.]
Reeve, L. 1858. Monograph of the genus Ianthina Conchologia Iconica 11 pls. 1-5 [Stated date: -- Dec 1858.]
Röding, P. F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum  viii + 199 pp. Hamburg. [Stated date: -- Sep 1798.]

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