The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: Neogastropoda: Buccinoidea: Melongenidae

Busycon carica (Gmelin, 1791)

Range: 41.6°N to 29°N; 81.3°W to 70.6°W
Depth: 0 to 70 m (live 0 to 28 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 249  mm


Busycon aruanum auct. non Linnaeus, 1758
Sycotypus carica (Gmelin, 1791) 
Fulgur carica (Gmelin, 1791) 
Pyrula carica (Gmelin, 1791) 
Busicon carica (Gmelin, 1791) 
Volema carica (Gmelin, 1791) 
Murex carica Gmelin, 1791
Busycon muricatum Röding, 1798
Fulgur eliceans Montfort, 1810
Busycon gilmorei Petuch, 1994
Busycon rucksorum Petuch, 1994


Murex carica Gmelin, 1791, p. 3545, [Lister pl.880, f.3b; Gualt. pl.47, f.B; Knorr 1, pl.30, f.4,6, pl.27, f.1; Martini 3, f.744,756,757]
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: Unknown
Range: 41.6°N to 29°N; 81.3°W to 70.6°W
Depth: 0 to 70 m (live 0 to 28 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 249 mm
Distribution: USA: Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida: East Florida
References: C. B. Adams (1839) N; Kurtz (1860); Ponton (1867); C. W. Johnson (1890) W; B. B. Baker (1951) N; Porter (1974) DdLl; Lyons (1989b) S; Zinn (1984) E
Combining Genera:  Busicon Fulgur Pyrula Sycotypus Volema

Busycon aruanum auct. non Linnaeus, 1758, 
[Not available]
Distribution: USA: South Carolina
References: Melvill (1881)
Comments: Misidentification by Hollister (1958); Syrinx aruanus is from Australia.

Fulgur eliceans Montfort, 1810, p. 503-504, text-fig. (genus 126)
Type Locality: mers de l'Amerique
Range: 35°N to 30°N; 81.3°W to 76°W
Distribution: USA: North Carolina, Georgia, Florida: East Florida
References: C. W. Johnson (1890) W; Prezant et al. (2002)

Busycon carica gilmorei Petuch, 1994, p. 310, pl. 60, fig. g
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: James City Formation, in Lee Creek Mine, Texasgulf, Inc., Aurora, Beaufort County, North Carolina
Maximum Reported Size: 110 mm
References: Petuch (1994) M

Busycon muricatum Röding, 1798, p. 149, [Martini 1777, pl. 67, fig. 744; pl. 69, fig. 756]
Type Locality: Not stated

Busycon carica rucksorum Petuch, 1994, p. 310-311, pl. 60, fig. k
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Nashua Formation, in Rucks' Pit, Fort Drum, Okeechobee County, Florida
Maximum Reported Size: 152 mm
References: Petuch (1994) M

Partial List of References

Gmelin, J. F. 1791. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Editio decima tertia Systema Naturae, 13th ed., vol. 1(6) 3021-3910. Lipsiae.
Montfort, D. 1810. Conchyliologie systématique, et classification méthodique de coquilles Conchyliologie Systématique 2 [iii] + 676 pp. F. Schoell: Paris.
Petuch, E. J. 1994. Atlas of Florida Fossil Shells  xii + 394 pp., 100 pls. Chicago Spectrum Press: Evanston, Illinois. [Stated date: -- --- 1994; true date: pre Nov.]
Röding, P. F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum  viii + 199 pp. Hamburg. [Stated date: -- Sep 1798.]

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