The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: Neogastropoda: Conoidea: Conidae

Conus ermineus Born, 1778

Range: 27.82°N to 2.42°S; 94°W to 40.73°W
Depth: 0 to 101 m (live 25 to 53 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 103  mm


Dendroconus ermineus (Born, 1778) 
Conus ermineus Born, 1778
Dendroconus eques (Hwass, 1792) 
Conus eques Hwass, 1792
Conus luzonicus Hwass, 1792
Dendroconus luzonicus (Hwass, 1792) 
Conus portoricanus Hwass, 1792
Dendroconus portoricanus (Hwass, 1792) 
Conus ranunculus auct. non Hwass, 1792
Conus testudinarius Hwass, 1792
Dendroconus testudinarius (Hwass, 1792) 
Conus verrucosus auct. non Hwass, 1792
Cucullus barathrum Röding, 1798
Cucullus crucifer Röding, 1798
Cucullus cutisanguina Röding, 1798
Cucullus flammeus Röding, 1798
Conus coerulescens Schröter, 1803
Dendroconus narcissus (Lamarck, 1810) 
Conus narcissus Lamarck, 1810
Dendroconus aspersus (Sowerby II, 1833) 
Conus aspersus Sowerby II, 1833
Dendroconus caerulans (Küster, 1838) 
Conus caerulans Küster, 1838
Conus atlanticus auct. non Clench, 1942
Dendroconus piraticus (Clench, 1942) 
Conus piraticus Clench, 1942
Conus planitectum Weisbord, 1962


Conus ermineus Born, 1778, p. 141-142
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: Not stated
Range: 27.82°N to 6.7°N; 94°W to 55.5°W
Depth: 12 to 101 m (live 25 to 44 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 103 mm
Distribution: USA: Louisiana, Texas; Mexico: Quintana Roo; Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela: Falcon, Vargas, Sucre, Isla Margarita; Puerto Rico; St. Vincent & the Grenadines: St. Vincent; Surinam
References: Kohn (1964) T; Altena (1975) LSE; Vokes & Vokes (1983, original station data) {W}; Díaz et al. (1990) l; Hutsell et al. (1997) M; García (2000) NW; Macsotay & Campos (2001)
Combining Genera:  Dendroconus

Conus aspersus Sowerby II, 1833a,  pl. 28, fig. 16
Type Locality: St. Croix, West Indies
Maximum Reported Size: 94 mm
Distribution: Virgin Islands: St. Croix
References: Sowerby II (1833a) M; Kohn (1992) sT
Combining Genera:  Dendroconus

Conus atlanticus auct. non Clench, 1942, 
[Not available]
Range: 11°N ; 63.5°W
Maximum Reported Size: 48 mm
Distribution: Venezuela: Isla Margarita
References: Macsotay & Campos (2001) NSEWM
Comments: Misidentification by Macsotay & Campos (2001); their illustrated specimen of C. spurius atlanticus appears to be a pale C. ermineus.

Cucullus barathrum Röding, 1798, p. 43, [Martini 1773, pl. 55, fig. 607]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Kohn (1975) T; Vink (1984) s

Conus caerulans Küster, 1838, 
Range: 18°N ; 65°W
Maximum Reported Size: 44 mm
Distribution: Virgin Islands: St. Thomas
References: Coomans et al. (1983) s; Kohn (1992) TM
Combining Genera:  Dendroconus

Conus coerulescens Schröter, 1803, 
Maximum Reported Size: 52 mm
References: Kohn (1981) sM

Cucullus crucifer Röding, 1798, p. 48, [Martini 1773, pl. 55, fig. 605]
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Coomans et al. (1985a) sT

Cucullus cutis anguina Röding, 1798, p. 48, [Martini 1773, pl. 55, fig. 605]
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Coomans et al. (1985a) sT

Conus eques Hwass in Bruguière, 1792a, p. 705-706, [1798, pl. 337, fig. 3]
Type Locality: Amerique [Côtes de la Floride applies to the specimen of Favanne & Favanne (1780), which is not the lectotype]
Maximum Reported Size: 41 mm
References: Kohn (1968) T; Walls (1979) s; Kohn (1992) M
Combining Genera:  Dendroconus

Cucullus flammeus Röding, 1798, p. 44, [Martini 1773, pl. 55, figs. 606-607]
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Not stated
Comments: Could become a synonym of Conus ermineus depending on lectotype designation (see Kohn 1992).

Conus luzonicus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792a, p. 706-707, [1798, pl. 338, fig. 6]
Type Locality: Philippines [in error]
Maximum Reported Size: 41 mm
References: Walls (1979) s; Kohn (1992) T
Combining Genera:  Dendroconus

Conus narcissus Lamarck, 1810, 
Maximum Reported Size: 48 mm
References: Kohn (1981) sM
Combining Genera:  Dendroconus

Conus verrucosus piraticus Clench, 1942b, p. 14-15, pl. 11, fig. 1
Type Locality: Off Singer's Hotel, Palm Beach, Florida
Range: 26.7°N to 11°N; 80.2°W to 61°W
Depth: 0 to 60 m
Maximum Reported Size: 19 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: East Florida, Florida Keys; Puerto Rico: Mona Island; Trinidad & Tobago: Tobago
References: Clench (1942b) DNW; Clench (1953b) SE; Warmke & Abbott (1961) d; Walls (1979) s; Vink (1991) s
Combining Genera:  Dendroconus

Conus (Dendroconus) planitectum Weisbord, 1962, p. 424-425, pl. 40, figs. 1-2
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Playa Grande formation (Maiquetía member) at W-4, Quebrada Las Pailas, Venezuela
Maximum Reported Size: 59 mm
References: Weisbord (1962) M; J. & W. Gibson-Smith (1979) s?

Conus portoricanus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792a, p. 714, [1798, pl. 338, fig. 4]
Type Locality: 'Porto-ricco'
Maximum Reported Size: 41 mm
Distribution: Puerto Rico
References: Kohn (1968) TM; Walls (1979) s
Combining Genera:  Dendroconus

Conus ranunculus auct. non Hwass, 1792, 
[Not available]
Range: 25°N to 12°N; 79°W to 59.6°W
Depth: 12 m
Distribution: ABC Islands: Curacao; Bahamas: Bimini; Cuba: North Havana Province, Guantanamo; Jamaica; Virgin Islands: St. Thomas, St. Croix; Barbados
References: Clench (1953b) NSEW
Comments: Misidentification.

Conus testudinarius Hwass in Bruguière, 1792a, p. 694-695, [1798, pl. 335, fig. 6]
Attributed to: Martini (1773)
Type Locality: Surinam, Saint-Domingue, Martinique [restricted to Surinam by Kohn (1968)]
Range: 19°N to 2.42°S; 69°W to 40.73°W
Depth: 11 to 100 m (live 53 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 75 mm
Distribution: Venezuela: Los Testigos; Dominican Republic, Martinique, Surinam, Brazil: Para, Piaui, Ceara
References: Dautzenberg (1900) d; Kohn (1968) NWMT; Van Mol, Tursch & Kempf (1971) DLlSE
Combining Genera:  Dendroconus

Conus verrucosus auct. non Hwass, 1792, 
[Not available]
References: Vink (1991) s
Comments: Misidentification by Jong & Coomans (1988, pl. 42, fig. 556).

Partial List of References

Born, I. 1778. Index Rerum Naturalium Musei Caesarei Vindobonensis. Pars I. Testacea  [xlii] + 458 + [82] pp., 1 pl. Offficina Krausiana: Wien.
Bruguière, [J.-G.] 1792. Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire Naturelle des Vers Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire Naturelle des Vers 1 345-757. Panckoucke: Paris.
Clench, W. J. 1942. The Genus Conus in the Western Atlantic Johnsonia 1(6) 1-40. [Stated date: 05 Dec 1942.]
Röding, P. F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum  viii + 199 pp. Hamburg. [Stated date: -- Sep 1798.]
Sowerby, G. B., II. 1833. Conus Conchological Illustrations pl. 28 [True date: 10 May 1833.]
Weisbord, N. E. 1962. Late Cenozoic gastropods from northern Venezuela Bulletins of American Paleontology 42(193) 672 pp., 48 pls. [Stated date: 05 Mar 1962.]

Key To Reference Codes
List of ANSP Collections   Terms and Conditions of Use

Learn about the AcademyMembershipfor KidsLibraryfor FamiliesshopNewsMuseumEducationResearch
©1998 - 2010 All Rights Reserved, The Academy of Natural Sciences, 1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103
Tel: 215-299-1000 Email: