The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Clionoidea: Pneumodermatidae

Pneumoderma violaceum d'Orbigny, 1834

Range: 40°N to 15°S; 90°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 to 0 m (live 0 to 0 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 25  mm


Pneumodermis atlantica Oken, 1815
Pneumodermon peronii Lamarck, 1819
Pneumodermon violaceum d'Orbigny, 1834
Pneumodermon cucullatum Gray, 1850
Pneumodermon audebardii Rang, 1852
Pneumodermon cuvierii Chenu, 1858
Pneumodermon pacificum Dall, 1871
Cirrifer paradoxus Pfeffer, 1879
Pneumonoderma boasi Pelseneer, 1887
Pneumonoderma souleyeti Pelseneer, 1887
Pneumonoderma heterocotylum Tesch, 1903
Pneumonoderma pygmaeum Tesch, 1903
Pneumoderma eurycotyla Meisenheimer, 1905
Pneumoderma atlanticum Bonnevie, 1913
Pneumoderma meisenheimeri Pruvot-Fol, 1926
Pneumoderma bonnevii van der Spoel, 1972


Pneumodemon [sic] violaceum d'Orbigny, 1834, p. 129 [1836], pl. 9, figs. 10-15 [1834]
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: l'Océan Atlantique
Maximum Reported Size: 10 mm
Distribution: Oceanic
References: d'Orbigny (1836) M; Sabelli et al. (1990) v

Pneumodermis atlantica Oken, 1815, 
[Not available]
Range: 40°N to 15°S; 90°W to 0°W
Maximum Reported Size: 13 mm
Distribution: Bermuda, Brazil: unlocalized; Oceanic
References: van der Spoel (1976) M; van der Spoel & Dadon (1999) S
Comments: Oken (1815) was rejected by ICZN Opinion 417 (1956).

Pneumoderma atlantica Bonnevie, 1913, p. 67-69, pl. 6, fig. 49-51; text-figs. 43A-C, 44, 45A-B
Type Locality: Sta. 62, 36°52'N, 39°55'W, surface
Range: 36.87°N ; 39.92°W
Depth: 0 m (live 0 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 5 mm
Distribution: Oceanic
References: Bonnevie (1913) DdLlNSEWM; van der Spoel (1976) s

Pneumodermon audebardii Rang in Rang & Souleyet, 1852, p. 75, pl. 10, fig. 13
[Not available]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: van der Spoel (1976) s
Comments: Name introduced in synonymy of Pneumodermon peronii Lamarck.

Pneumonoderma boasi Pelseneer, 1887, 

Pneumoderma bonnevii van der Spoel, 1972, 
[Not available]
References: van der Spoel (1976) s
Comments: Infrasubspecific.

Pneumodermon cucullatum Gray, 1850a, p. 39, [Blainville 1825, pl. 46, fig. 4; Souleyet 1849, pl. 14, figs. 7, 16]
Type Locality: Atlantic Ocean
References: van der Spoel (1976) s

Pneumodermon cuvierii Chenu, 1858, 
[Synonymy uncertain]
References: van der Spoel (1976) s

Pneumoderma eurycotyla Meisenheimer, 1905, 
Range: 12°S to 12°S; 18°W
Distribution: Oceanic
References: van der Spoel (1976) s

Pneumonoderma heterocotylum Tesch, 1903, p. 114-115, [Tesch 1904, pl. 5, figs. 118, 118a-b, 119]
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Not stated [Siboga sta. 143, 1°4.5'S, 127°52.6'E (Tesch 1904)]
Maximum Reported Size: 5 mm
References: Tesch (1903) M

Pneumoderma meisenheimeri Pruvot-Fol, 1926, 
[Synonymy uncertain]

Pneumodermon pacificum Dall, 1871b, p. 139-140
Type Locality: North Pacific Ocean, 37°08'N, 136°10'
Maximum Reported Size: 25 mm
References: Dall (1871b) M

Cirrifer paradoxus Pfeffer, 1879, p. 246, fig. 20, 20a-b
Type Locality: 13°16'N, 26°W
Maximum Reported Size: 20 mm
References: Pfeffer (1879) M; van der Spoel (1976) s

Pneumodermon peronii Lamarck, 1819, p. 294, [Cuvier, Annales du Mus. pl. 59]
Type Locality: l'Océan atlantique
Comments: Has priority if the synonymy is correct, but precedence might be reversed if conditions of ICZN Article 23.9 apply.

Pneumonoderma pygmaeum Tesch, 1903, p. 115, [Tesch 1904, pl. 5, figs. 120-122]
Type Locality: Not stated [Siboga sta. 144, Damar Island (by lectotype designation of van der Spoel 1976: 201)]
Maximum Reported Size: 3 mm
Distribution: Oceanic
References: Tesch (1903) M; van der Spoel (1976) sT

Pneumonoderma souleyeti Pelseneer, 1887, 
Distribution: Oceanic

Partial List of References

Bonnevie, K. 1913. Pteropoda from the "Michael Sars" North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 Report on the Scientific Results of the "Michael Sars" North Atlantic Deep Sea Expedition 1910 3(1) 1-85, pls. 1-9.
d'Orbigny, A. 1834. Mollusques Voyage dans l'Amérique Méridionale 5 1-48, 73-128, pls. 1-2, 9-13, 15-16, 56 P. Bertrand: Paris. [True date: -- --- 1834.]
Dall, W. H. 1871. Descriptions of sixty new forms of mollusks from the west coast of North America and the north Pacific Ocean, with notes on others already described American Journal of Conchology 7 93-160, pls. 13-16. [Stated date: 02 Nov 1871.]
Gray, J. E. 1850. Catalogue of the Mollusca in the Collection of the British Museum. Part II. Pteropoda  iv + 45 pp. Trustees of the British Museum: London. [Stated date: -- --- 1850; true date: 09 Feb 1850.]
Lamarck, [J. B.] 1819. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres 6(1) vi + 343 pp. Author: Paris. [Stated date: -- Jun 1819.]
Pfeffer, G. 1879. Übersicht der während der Reise um die Erde in den Jahren 1874--1876 auf S. M. Schiff Gazelle und von Hrn. Dr. F. Jagor auf seiner Reise nach den Philippinen in den Jahren 1857-1861 gesammelten Pteropoden Monatsberichte der königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 24 230-247, 1 pl. [True date: post Mar 3.]
Rang, P. C. A. L. and Souleyet. 1852. Histoire Naturelle des Mollusques Ptéropodes  [iii] + iv + 86 pp., 15 pls. Baillière: Paris. [True date: post Feb.]
Tesch, J. J. 1903. Vorläufige Mitteilung über die Thecosomata und Gymnosomata der Siboga-Expedition Tijdschrift der Nederlandsche Dierkundige Vereeniging (2)8 111-117. [Stated date: -- Nov 1903.]

Key To Reference Codes
List of ANSP Collections   Terms and Conditions of Use

Learn about the AcademyMembershipfor KidsLibraryfor FamiliesshopNewsMuseumEducationResearch
©1998 - 2010 All Rights Reserved, The Academy of Natural Sciences, 1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103
Tel: 215-299-1000 Email: