The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Tritonioidea: Dendronotidae

Dendronotus frondosus (Ascanius, 1774)

Range: 78.23°N to 0°N; 74°E to 19.87°W
Depth: 0 to 672 m (live 0 to 672 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 150  mm


Amphitrite frondosa Ascanius, 1774
Tritonia arborescens (O. F. Müller, 1776) 
Doris arborescens O. F. Müller, 1776
Doris cervina Gmelin, 1791
Tritonia reynoldsii Couthouy, 1838
Tritonia lactea W. Thompson, 1840
Tritonia ascanii Möller, 1842
Tritonia felina Alder & Hancock, 1842
Tritonia pulchella Alder & Hancock, 1842
Amphitritidea fabricii Michaelis & Scherk, 1847
Campaspe pusilla Bergh, 1863
Dendronotus luteolus Lafont, 1871
Dendronotus aurantiacus Friele, 1879
Dendronotus purpureus Bergh, 1879
Campaspe major Bergh, 1886
Dendronotus rufus O'Donoghue, 1921
Dendronotus venustus MacFarland, 1966


Amphitrite frondosa Ascanius, 1774, p. 155-158, pl. 5, fig. 2
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: So/bladet paa Norik, Kraka [Norway]
Range: 78.23°N to 39.5°N; 74°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 to 672 m (live 0 to 672 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 150 mm
Distribution: Greenland: West Greenland; Canada: Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick; USA: Maine, Rhode Island, New Jersey
References: Procter (1933) {SW}; Lemche (1941a) DdLlNM; Platts (1985) E; ANSP SW

Doris arborescens O. F. Müller, 1776, p. 229, [Act. Havn. 10, pl. 5, fig. 5]
Type Locality: Kemiarsursak, Greenland
Range: 72.78°N to 60.12°N; 56°W to 45°W
Depth: 15 to 122 m
Distribution: Greenland: West Greenland
References: Posselt & Jensen (1899) DdNSEW; Thompson & Brown (1984) s
Combining Genera:  Tritonia

Tritonia ascanii Möller, 1842, 
References: Lemche (1941a) s

Dendronotus arborescens var.? aurantiaca Friele, 1879, p. 284
Type Locality: Norwegian North Atlantic Expedition, sta. 322, 74°57'N, 19°52'E, 21 fathoms [near Spitzbergen]
Range: 19.87°W
References: Friele (1879) E; Thompson & Brown (1984) s

Doris cervina Gmelin, 1791, p. 3105, [Bommé act. Vliss. 3, n. 2, f. 1]
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: in sertularia abietina
References: Alder & Hancock (1845) s? (of arborescens); Thompson & Brown (1984) s?

Amphitritidea fabr[icii] Michaelis & Scherk, 1847, p. 114
[Not available]
Attributed to: Beck "1847"
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Mörch (1857b:78) s (of D. reynoldsii)
Comments: Nude name.

Tritonia felina Alder & Hancock, 1842, p. 33
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Deep water, Cullercoats, Northumberland [England]
Maximum Reported Size: 25 mm
References: Alder & Hancock (1842) M; Thompson & Brown (1984) s?

Tritonia lactea W. Thompson, 1840, 
References: Alder & Hancock (1845) s (of arborescens); Thompson & Brown (1984) s

Dendronotus luteolus Lafont, 1871, 
References: Thompson & Brown (1984) s

Campaspe major Bergh, 1886, 
References: Thompson & Brown (1984) s

Tritonia pulchella Alder & Hancock, 1842, p. 33-34
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Among rocks at low-water mark, Cullercoats, Northumberland [England]
Maximum Reported Size: 12 mm
References: Alder & Hancock (1842) M; Alder & Hancock (1845) s (of arborescens); Thompson & Brown (1984) s?

Dendronotus purpureus Bergh, 1879, 

Campaspe pusilla Bergh, 1863, 
Maximum Reported Size: 3.75 mm
Distribution: Greenland: West Greenland
References: Posselt & Jensen (1899) M; Thompson & Brown (1984) s

Tritonia reynoldsii Couthouy, 1838, p. 74-80, pl. 2, fig. 1-4
Type Locality: Tide waters of Charles River, Mass., at the Bathing House, Cragie's Bridge
Range: 42.3°N ; 71°W
Maximum Reported Size: 89 mm
Distribution: USA: Massachusetts
References: Couthouy (1838) NSEWM; Alder & Hancock (1845) s (of arborescens); Procter (1933) s

Dendronotus rufus O'Donoghue, 1921, 

Dendronotus venustus MacFarland, 1966, 

Partial List of References

Alder, J. and A. Hancock. 1842. Descriptions of several new species of nudibranchous Mollusca found on the coast of Northumberland Annals and Magazine of Natural History 9 31-36. [Stated date: -- Mar 1842.]
Ascanius, P. 1774. Beskrivelse over en Norske Sneppe og et Södyr Det Kongelige Norkse Videnskabers Selskab Skrifter 5 153-158, pl. 5.
Couthouy, J. P. 1838. Descriptions of new species of Mollusca and shells, and remarks on several polypi found in Massachusetts Bay Boston Journal of Natural History 2 53-111, pls. 1-3. [Stated date: -- Feb 1838.]
Friele, H. 1879. Catalog der auf der norwegischen Nordmeer-expedition bei Spitzbergen gefundenen Mollusken Jahrbücher der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft 6 264-286.
Gmelin, J. F. 1791. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Editio decima tertia Systema Naturae, 13th ed., vol. 1(6) 3021-3910. Lipsiae.
Michaelis, G. A. and H. L. Scherk. 1847. Verzeichniss der Naturaliensammlung, welche auf Befehl Sr. Majestät des Königs aus verschiedenen Königlichen Museum in Kopenhagen, so wie auch aus einegen Privatsammlungen zur 24. Versammlung Deutscher Naturforscher und Aertze nach Kiel gesandt war Amtlicher Bericht über die Versammlung Deutscher Naturforscher und Aertze (Kiel) 24 109-119.
Müller, O. F. 1776. Zoologiae Danicae Prodromus  xxxii + 282 pp. Author: Havniae. [Stated date: 31 Mar 1776.]

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