The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Trochoidea: Turbininae

Turbo castanea Gmelin, 1791

Range: 35°N to 4°S; 93.8°W to 38.5°W
Depth: 0 to 141 m (live 0 to 55 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 55  mm


Turbo castanea Gmelin, 1791
Turbo crenulatus Gmelin, 1791
Turbo moltkianus Gmelin, 1791
Lunatica granulata Röding, 1798
Lunatica tuberculata Röding, 1798
Turbo mammillatus Donovan, 1804
Turbo hippocastanum Lamarck, 1822
Trochus quadriseriatus Anton, 1838
Turbo virens Philippi, 1849
Aorotrema erraticum Pilsbry & McGinty, 1945
Turbo muricatus Usticke, 1959
Turbo versicolor Usticke, 1959
Turbo venezuelensis Weisbord, 1962
Turbo ayersi Olsson, 1967


Turbo castanea Gmelin, 1791, p. 3595, [Chemnitz 1781, pl. 182, figs. 1807-1808]
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: 'Americam australem'
Range: 35°N to 4°S; 93.8°W to 38.5°W
Depth: 0 to 141 m (live 0 to 55 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 50 mm
Distribution: USA: North Carolina, Florida: East Florida, West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Flower Garden Banks, Texas; Mexico: Campeche State, Yucatan State, Alacran Reef, Quintana Roo; Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela: Sucre, Isla Margarita, Los Testigos; Bahamas: Abaco (Great or Little); Cuba: Pinar del Rio, North Havana Province, North Matanzas, Holguin, Santiago de Cuba; Cayman Islands: Grand Cayman Island; Jamaica, Haiti, Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands: St. Croix; Guadeloupe, Martinique, Brazil: Para, Maranhao, Ceara
References: Dautzenberg (1900); Porter (1974) DN; Lipka (1974) W; Díaz & Puyana (1994) M; Fernández Milera (1998); Macsotay & Campos (2001); Alf & Kreipl (2003); Vegas Torres (2004)

Turbo ayersi Olsson, 1967, 
References: Campbell et al. (1975: 98)

Turbo crenulatus Gmelin, 1791, p. 3595, [Chemnitz 1781, pl. 182, figs. 1811-1812]
Type Locality: Unknown
Range: 35°N to 14.5°N; 83°W to 61°W
Depth: 4 to 47 m
Maximum Reported Size: 33 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: West Florida; Cuba, Martinique
References: Calkins (1878) W; Abbott (1958) s; Alf & Kreipl (2003) SEM

Aorotrema erraticum Pilsbry & McGinty, 1945a, p. 11, pl. 2, fig. 6
Type Locality: One and a half miles off Cape Florida
Range: 25.7°N ; 80°W
Depth: 21 m
Maximum Reported Size: 1.3 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: East Florida
References: Pilsbry & McGinty (1945a) DdNSEWM; Moore (1964:190) s

Lunatica granulatus Röding, 1798, p. 102, [Chemnitz 1781, pl. 182, figs. 1811]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Robertson (1957) s
Comments: Non Gmelin, 1791, non Turbo granulata Röding, 1798 (p. 88, nude name).

Turbo hippocastanum Lamarck, 1822b, p. 47, [Chemnitz 1781, pl. 182, figs. 1807-1810, 1813-1814]
Type Locality: Amerique australe
Maximum Reported Size: 20 mm
References: Lamarck (1822b) M; Pilsbry (1888) s

Turbo mammillatus Donovan, 1804a,  pl. 173, 2 figs.
Type Locality: Scilly rocks, at the western extremity of Cornwall [in error, Western Atlantic]
References: Robertson (1957) s

Turbo moltkianus Gmelin, 1791, p. 3595, [Chemnitz 1781, pl. 181, figs. 1799-1800]
Type Locality: Unknown
Maximum Reported Size: 55 mm
Distribution: Venezuela
References: Alf & Kreipl (2003) sM
Comments: Turbo moltkianus was formerly considered to be an Eastern Pacific species, but Keen (1958:261) noted that it might be a Caribbean form and not include it in the Eastern Pacific fauna. Alf & Kreipl (2003) call it a form of T. castanea, but synonymize T. tuberculata (Roding, 1798), which is based on the same Chemnitz figure, with the Eastern Pacific T. squamiger Reeve, 1843.

Turbo castaneus muricatus Usticke, 1959, p. 29
Type Locality: West [side] of Altona Bay, St. Croix
Range: 17.8°N ; 65°W
Distribution: Virgin Islands: St. Croix
References: Usticke (1959) NSEW; Warmke & Abbott (1961) s; Boyko & Cordeiro (2001a) T
Comments: Non Linnaeus, 1758.

Trochus (Turbo) quadriseriatus Anton, 1838, p. 59
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Not stated
Maximum Reported Size: 14 mm
References: Anton (1838) M

Lunatica tuberculata Röding, 1798, p. 102, [Chemnitz, 1781, pl. 181, figs. 1799-1800]
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Rosenberg (herein, 3 Nov 2003) s
Comments: Alf & Kreipl (2003:68) synonymized this with the Eastern Pacific T. squamiger Reeve, 1843, but it is an objective synonym of T. moltkianus Gmelin, 1791, which they consider a form of T. castanea. Röding cited Gmelin's name, and the same Chemnitz figures.

Turbo (Marmorostoma) crenulatus venezuelensis Weisbord, 1962, p. 87-90, pl. 6, figs. 8-9
Type Locality: Playa Grande formation (Maiquetía member) at W-23, north flank of Punta Gorda anticline, Venezuela
Maximum Reported Size: 16.5 mm
References: Weisbord (1962) M; J. & W. Gibson-Smith (1979) s

Turbo castaneus versicolor Usticke, 1959, p. 29
Type Locality: West [side] of Altona Bay, St. Croix
Range: 17.8°N ; 65°W
Distribution: Virgin Islands: St. Croix
References: Usticke (1959) NSEW; Warmke & Abbott (1961) s; Boyko & Cordeiro (2001a) T
Comments: Non Gmelin, 1791.

Turbo virens Philippi, 1849b, p. 99
Attributed to: Anton MS
Type Locality: Unknown
References: Pilsbry (1888) s

Partial List of References

Anton, H. E. 1838. Verzeichniss der Conchylien  xvi + 110 pp. [Stated date: 09 Oct 1838.]
Donovan, E. 1804. The Natural History of British Shells, including figures and descriptions of all the species hitherto discovered in Great Britain, systemically arranged in the Linnean manner, with scientific and general observations on each Natural History of British Shells 5 [vii], pls. 163-180. Author and F. and C. Rivington: London.
Gmelin, J. F. 1791. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Editio decima tertia Systema Naturae, 13th ed., vol. 1(6) 3021-3910. Lipsiae.
Lamarck, [J. B.] 1822. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertčbres Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertčbres 7 [iii] + 711 pp. Author: Paris. [Stated date: -- Aug 1822.]
Philippi, R. A. 1849. Centuria altera testaceorum novorum Zeitschrift für Malakozoologie 5 99-112. [Stated date: -- Jan 1849; true date: -- Feb 1849.]
Pilsbry, H. A. and T. L. McGinty. 1945. Cyclostrematidae and Vitrinellidae of Florida--I Nautilus 59 1-13, pls. 1-2. [Stated date: -- Jul 1945.]
Röding, P. F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum  viii + 199 pp. Hamburg. [Stated date: -- Sep 1798.]
Usticke, G. W. Nowell. 1959. A Check List of Marine Shells of St. Croix  vi + 90, 4 pls. Author: Christiansted, St. Croix. [Stated date: -- --- 1959; true date: post June.]
Weisbord, N. E. 1962. Late Cenozoic gastropods from northern Venezuela Bulletins of American Paleontology 42(193) 672 pp., 48 pls. [Stated date: 05 Mar 1962.]

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