The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Bivalvia: Euheterodonta: Cardioidea: Cardiidae

Dinocardium robustum (Lightfoot, 1786)

Range: 37°N to 20°N; 94°W to 77°W
Depth: 0 to 18 m (live 11 to 11 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 119  mm


Cardium magnum auct. non Linnaeus, 1758
Cardium robustum Lightfoot, 1786
Cardium ventricosum Bruguière, 1789
Cardium maculatum Gmelin, 1791
Cardium obliquum Spengler, 1799
Cardium carolinense Conrad, 1863
Dinocardium vanhyningi Clench & Smith, 1944


Cardium robustum Lightfoot, 1786, p. 58, 148, [162], [Lister 328.165]
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: North America; Florida
Range: 37°N to 25°N; 94°W to 77°W
Depth: 0 to 18 m (live 11 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 119 mm
Distribution: USA: Virginia, Florida: East Florida, West Florida; USA: Texas; Mexico
References: Springer & Bullis (1956) D; Lyons (1989b) dLlM
Comments: Lot numbers 1358, 3257 and 3517 in Lightfoot (1786).

Cardium carolinense Conrad, 1863, 

Cardium maculatum Gmelin, 1791, 

Cardium magnum auct. non Linnaeus, 1758, 
[Not available]
References: Rehder (1967) s
Comments: Misidentification by Born (1778).

Cardium obliquum Spengler, 1799, 

Dinocardium vanhyningi Clench & Smith, 1944, 
Range: 29°N to 20°N; 91°W to 82°W
Depth: 1 to 15 m
Maximum Reported Size: 110 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: West Florida; Mexico: Quintana Roo
References: Perry & Schwengel (1955) M; Lyons et al. (1971) DdN

Cardium ventricosum Bruguière, 1789, 
References: Rehder (1967) s

Partial List of References

[Lightfoot, J.] 1786. Catalogue of the Portland Museum  viii + 3-194, frontispiece.

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