The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: : Epitonioidea: Janthinidae

Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822

Range: 34.5°N to 34°S; 97°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 to 13 m (live 0 to 0 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 38.5  mm


Violetta globosa (Swainson, 1822) 
Ianthina globosa Swainson, 1822
Janthina prolongata Blainville, 1822
Ianthina nitens Menke, 1828
Ianthina elongata Maravigna, 1838
Janthina rosea Anton, 1838
Janthina pallida auct. non Thompson, 1840
Ianthina nana Gray, 1842
Ianthina decollata Carpenter, 1857
Ianthina iricolor Reeve, 1858
Janthina atlantica Mörch, 1860
Janthina minor Monterosato, 1878
Ianthina splendens Monterosato, 1884
Janthina payraudeaui Locard, 1900


Ianthina globosa Swainson, 1822b, pl. 85, middle
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: Not stated
Range: 32.3°N to 34°S; 97°W to 0°W
Depth: 0 m (live 0 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 20 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: East Florida, West Florida; USA: Texas; Colombia: Offshore islands; Venezuela: unlocalized; Bermuda, Cuba: North Havana Province, North Matanzas; Jamaica, Puerto Rico; Virgin Islands: St. Croix; Brazil: Ceara, Fernando de Noronha, Alagoas, Trindade Island, Sao Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul; Oceanic, Ascension Island; Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena
References: E. A. Smith (1890b, c); Princz (1982a); Díaz & Puyana (1994) M; Fernández Milera (1998)
Comments: Has priority over J. globosa Blainville, 1822 (January vs. August). Blainville's taxon is a synonym of J. umbilicata. See also J. globosa auct., = J. exigua or J. pallida.
Combining Genera:  Violetta

Janthina nitens var. atlantica Mörch, 1860b, p. 280
Type Locality: Méditerranée; Narbonne; Naples; Océan atlantique
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina decollata Carpenter, 1857, 
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina elongata Maravigna, 1838, 
Attributed to: Blainville
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina iricolor Reeve, 1858b,  pl. 5, fig. 23a-b
Type Locality: Not stated
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina nitens var. minor Monterosato, 1878b, p. 95
[Not available]
Type Locality: Mediterranean and Adriatic
References: Laursen (1953) s
Comments: Nude name.

Ianthina nana Gray, 1842, 
References: Laursen (1953) s

Ianthina nitens Menke, 1828, 
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina pallida auct. non Thompson, 1840, 
[Not available]
Comments: Misidentification.

Janthina payraudeaui Locard, 1900, 
References: Laursen (1953) s

Janthina prolongata Blainville, 1822, p. 155, not figured
Type Locality: l'île de France
Range: 34.5°N to 28°N; 97°W to 76.5°W
Depth: 0 to 13 m
Maximum Reported Size: 38.5 mm
Distribution: USA: North Carolina, Texas
References: Laursen (1953) M; Porter (1974) DNE; Abbott (1974) s
Comments: Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822 January) has several months priority over J. prolongata Blainville, 1822 (August).

Janthina rosea Anton, 1838, p. 50
Type Locality: Not stated
Maximum Reported Size: 19.6 mm
References: Anton (1838) M; Rosenberg (herein) s
Comments: Laursen (1953) incorrectly calls this a nomen nudum, and places it in the synonymy of J. pallida. Anton's description, however, matches that of J. globosa, mentioning in particular the siphonlike extension of the aperture that distinguishes J. globosa from J. pallida.

Ianthina splendens Monterosato, 1884, 
References: Laursen (1953) s

Partial List of References

Anton, H. E. 1838. Verzeichniss der Conchylien  xvi + 110 pp. [Stated date: 09 Oct 1838.]
Blainville, H. M. de. 1822. Janthine, Janthina. (Malacoz.) Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles 24 148-155 Paris. [True date: -- Aug 1822.]
Monterosato, [T. A.] di. 1878. Enumerazione e sinonimia delle conchiglie Mediterranee Giornale di Scienze Naturali ed Economiche 13 61-115.
Mörch, O. A. L. 1860. Matériaux pour servir à l'histoire de la famille des Janthines Journal de Conchyliologie 8 261-285. [Stated date: -- Jul 1860.]
Reeve, L. 1858. Monograph of the genus Ianthina Conchologia Iconica 11 pls. 1-5 [Stated date: -- Dec 1858.]
Swainson, W. 1822. Zoological Illustrations, or Original figures and descriptions of new, rare, or interesting animals, selected chiefly from the classes of Ornithology, Entomology, and Conchology and arranged on the principles of Cuvier and other modern zoologists Zoological Illustrations (1)2 pls. 84-119. Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy and W. Wood: London.

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