The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Malacolog Version 4.1.1

A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca

The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia

Gastropoda: Neogastropoda: Buccinoidea: Buccinidae

Engina turbinella (Kiener, 1836)

Range: 28.58°N to 23°S; 97.28°W to 32.5°W
Depth: 0 to 63 m (live 0 to 29 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 15  mm


Purpura turbinella Kiener, 1836
Ricinula turbinella (Kiener, 1836) 
Engina elegans Gray, 1839
Engina zonata Gray, 1839
Engina cruzana Usticke, 1959


Purpura turbinella Kiener, 1836, p. 29-30, pl. 9, fig. 25
[Basis of the current name]
Type Locality: Unknown
Range: 28.58°N to 23°S; 97.28°W to 32.5°W
Depth: 0 to 63 m (live 0 to 29 m)
Maximum Reported Size: 15 mm
Distribution: USA: Florida: East Florida, West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Texas; Mexico: Veracruz, Cayo Arcas, Campeche, Alacran Reef, Quintana Roo; Honduras: Swan Island; Colombia: Offshore islands; Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia; ABC Islands: Aruba, Curacao, Bonaire; Venezuela: Sucre; Cuba: North Havana Province, North Matanzas, Holguin; Jamaica, Puerto Rico; St. Vincent & the Grenadines: The Grenadines, Grenada; Brazil: Para, Maranhao, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Alagoas, Bahia, Abrolhos Islands, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro
References: Kiener (1836) M; M. Smith (1938); Moore (1958b) W; Hopkins et al. (1977) {L}N; Odé (1983b) L; Leal (1991b) DdlE; Macsotay & Campos (2001); Faber (2007e); Fallon (2008)
Combining Genera:  Ricinula

Engina turbinella var. cruzana Usticke, 1959, p. 68-69
Type Locality: West coast, St. Croix [by lectotype designation of Boyko & Cordeiro 2001]
Range: 18.5°N to 12°N; 70°W to 59.6°W
Maximum Reported Size: 14 mm
Distribution: ABC Islands: Aruba; Virgin Islands: St. Thomas, St. Croix, Tortola; St. Martin/St. Maarten, Antigua; St. Vincent & the Grenadines: Grenada; Barbados
References: Usticke (1959) M; Warmke & Abbott (1961) s; Usticke (1969) NSEW; Boyko & Cordeiro (2001a) T
Comments: Also treated as a subspecies by Usticke (p. vi), therefore available under ICZN Article 45.6.1. (see Boyko & Cordeiro 2001).

Engina elegans Gray, 1839, p. 113
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Atlantic Ocean
References: Tryon (1883) s?
Comments: Gray described Engina elegans as being 3 1/4 inches, so Tryon's synonymy needs confirmation.

Engina zonata Gray, 1839, p. 113
[Synonymy uncertain]
Type Locality: Atlantic Ocean
References: Ponder (1972) s
Comments: Gray described Engina zonata as being 1 1/2 inches, so Ponder's synonymy needs confirmation.

Partial List of References

Gray, J. E. 1839. Molluscous animals, and their shells The Zoology of Captain Beechey's Voyage 101-142, pls. 33-38 Henry G. Bohn: London. [Stated date: -- Jul 1839.]
Kiener, L. C. 1836. Genre Pourpre. (Purpura, Lam.) Spécies Général et Iconographie des Coquilles Vivantes 8 151 pp., 46 pls.
Usticke, G. W. Nowell. 1959. A Check List of Marine Shells of St. Croix  vi + 90, 4 pls. Author: Christiansted, St. Croix. [Stated date: -- --- 1959; true date: post June.]

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